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BACKGROUND Inadequate iron mobilization and defective iron utilization may cause recombinant erythropoietin (rEPO) hyporesponsiveness in hemodialysis (HD) patients with iron overload. We have demonstrated that intravenous ascorbic acid (IVAA), but not intravenous iron medication, can effectively circumvent the functional iron-deficient erythropoiesis(More)
Pyrethroids are widely used insecticides in both agricultural and urban environments, and their potential movement to surface streams and toxicity to susceptible aquatic species is an emerging concern. Natural surface waters usually contain low levels of dissolved organic matter (DOM). Limited data have shown that DOM preparations can significantly alter(More)
BACKGROUND Tubulointerstitial fibrosis is the final common pathway to end-stage renal failure. The present study investigated the potential role of tubular epithelial cells (TEC) in progressive fibrosis in the rat remnant kidney model. METHODS Rats underwent 5/6 nephrectomy or a sham operation (control), and groups of six animals were killed at weeks 1,(More)
Thiamine deficiency is mainly encountered in alcoholics or food faddists, but it may complicate chronic dialysis because of low intake and accelerated loss of thiamine in dialysis patients. We report here 2 hemodialysis (HD) patients who developed chorea induced by thiamine deficiency. We propose that thiamine deficiency, with a consequent dysfunction of(More)
OBJECTIVE To report an interaction between tacrolimus and rifampin with subsequent adverse effects on renal allograft function. CASE SUMMARY A 61-year-old Chinese man received a cadaveric renal transplant in 1991. Progressive deterioration of allograft function developed during the following six years while the patient was receiving cyclosporine and(More)
Interspersed AGGs within the FMR1 gene CGG repeat region may anchor the sequence and prevent slippage during replication. In order to detect the AGG position variations, we developed a method employing partial MnlI restriction analysis and analyzed X chromosomes from 187 males, including 133 normal controls (117 with 20-34 and 16 with 35-52 repeats), plus(More)
Plantar cutaneous afferent provides information about the contact between the body and the support surface and could affect the anticipatory postural adjustments (APAs). This study investigated the effect of plantar desensitization on the APAs for step initiation. Twenty-five healthy young adults participated in this study and were instructed to begin(More)
In this paper the production of poly (3-hydroxybutyrate/3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) with activated sludge was investigated by using the fermentation liquid from primary sludge (PS) and waste activated sludge (WAS) as carbon source. First, the suitable concentration and ratio of acetic to propionic (acetic/propionic) for PHBV synthesis with desired(More)
BACKGROUND The implication of cytokines in the pathogenesis of membranous glomerulonephritis (MGN) and minimal change disease (MCD) is not well known. To delineate the pathogenic roles of cytokines in MGN and MCD, renal tissue from patients with a variety of glomerulonephritides was studied for cytokine mRNA expression. METHODS The renal tissue from(More)
We present the evolution of pituitary changes in the cases of 2 patients with Sheehan syndrome as assessed by MR imaging. Both patients had severe postpartum hemorrhage, symptoms of pituitary gland apoplexy, and hypopituitarism. Sequential MR imaging demonstrated evidence of ischemic infarct in the pituitary gland with enlargement followed by gradual(More)