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1. Intracellular recordings were made in pentobarbitone-anaesthetized rats from sixty-eight neurones located in the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM), which responded with inhibition (latency, 33.6 +/- 9.3 ms) after stimulation of the aortic depressor nerve with short bursts of pulses. This inhibition was due to chloride- and voltage-dependent IPSPs. 2.(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the degree of functional and anatomical overlap between two major neuronal subpopulations in the rostral ventrolateral medulla: pre-sympathetic (sympathoexcitatory) neurons, and expiratory neurons of the Bötzinger complex. Extracellular recordings were made with dye-filled microelectrodes in pentobarbital(More)
Understanding bladder afferent pathways may reveal novel targets for therapy of lower urinary tract disorders such as overactive bladder syndrome and cystitis. Several potential candidate molecules have been postulated as playing a significant role in bladder function. One such candidate is the transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) ion channel.(More)
The present study has explored possible fast actions of corticosteroid hormones on activity of cardiovascular neurons of the rostral ventrolateral medulla. Experiments were conducted in 60 urethane-anesthetized, artificially ventilated adult rats. Extracellular recordings of unitary firings were made from the RVLM with multi- or single-barreled(More)
Loss of hand function and finger dexterity are main disabilities in the upper limb after stroke. An electromyography (EMG)-driven hand robot had been developed for post-stroke rehabilitation training. The effectiveness of the hand robot assisted whole upper limb training was investigated on persons with chronic stroke (n=10) in this work. All subjects(More)
The objective of this study was to explore changes in hyaluronan levels in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in a spinal cord compression model, to investigate whether hyaluronan tetrasaccharide was involved in this process, and to test the effects of hyaluronan tetrasaccharide on neuron and oligodendrocyte repair. We developed a chronic spinal cord compression(More)
Increased sensitivity of the afferent innervation of the gastrointestinal tract reportedly underlies symptoms of discomfort and pain in functional bowel disorders. The present investigation aimed to examine whether the purinergic P2X(2) and P2X(3) receptor subunits contribute to the mechanosensitivity of small intestinal afferents in normal mice and in a(More)
Previous studies revealed that a relatively small group of reticulospinal neurons located in the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) plays a key role in the generation of resting vasomotor tone and in reflex control of arterial blood pressure. These medullary pre-sympathetic neurons have been extensively studied with extracellular microelectrodes, but so(More)
AIM To study the roles of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors in arterial baroreflex. METHODS Experiments were performed in 17 urethane-anaesthetized male Sprague-Dawly rats. Twenty-seven rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) neurons were electrophysiologically identified as putative presympathetic neurons. Responses of these neurons to baroreflex(More)
The activity of preganglionic sympathetic neurones largely depends on synaptic excitation from antecedent reticulospinal neurones located in the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM). Our study, conducted in anaesthetized rats, showed that all RVLM pre-sympathetic neurones display a substantial synaptic noise and their action potentials are usually preceded(More)