Learn More
PURPOSE The importance of VEGF in stimulating neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is well-recognized, but the initiating factors that induce local upregulation of VEGF remain unclear. The current study was conducted to test the hypothesis that activation of RAGE (receptor for advanced glycation end products [AGEs]) by its ligands, including(More)
S100/calgranulin polypeptides are present at sites of inflammation, likely released by inflammatory cells targeted to such loci by a range of environmental cues. We report here that receptor for AGE (RAGE) is a central cell surface receptor for EN-RAGE (extracellular newly identified RAGE-binding protein) and related members of the S100/calgranulin(More)
OBJECTIVE Previous studies showed that genetic deletion or pharmacological blockade of the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) prevents the early structural changes in the glomerulus associated with diabetic nephropathy. To overcome limitations of mouse models that lack the progressive glomerulosclerosis observed in humans, we studied the(More)
The exquisite ability of the liver to regenerate is finite. Identification of mechanisms that limit regeneration after massive injury holds the key to expanding the limits of liver transplantation and salvaging livers and hosts overwhelmed by carcinoma and toxic insults. Receptor for advanced glycation endproducts (RAGE) is up-regulated in liver remnants(More)
Axotomy of peripheral nerve stimulates events in multiple cell types that initiate a limited inflammatory response to axonal degeneration and simultaneous outgrowth of neurites into the distal segments after injury. We found that pharmacological blockade of RAGE impaired peripheral nerve regeneration in mice subjected to RAGE blockade and acute crush of the(More)
BACKGROUND The beneficial effects of reperfusion therapies have been limited by the amount of ischemic damage that occurs before reperfusion. To enable development of interventions to reduce cell injury, our research has focused on understanding mechanisms involved in cardiac cell death after ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. In this context, our(More)
PURPOSE The receptor for advanced glycation end products (AGEs) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic complications. This study was conducted to characterize the role of the RAGE axis in a murine model of nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR). METHODS The retinas of hyperglycemic, hyperlipidemic (HGHL, apolipoprotein E(-/-) db/db)(More)
BACKGROUND Receptor for advanced-glycation end products (RAGE) and its ligands AGEs and S100/calgranulins have been implicated in a range of disorders. However, the role of RAGE/ligand interaction in neointimal hyperplasia after vascular injury remains unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS We examined the expression of RAGE and its ligands after balloon injury of(More)
Myocardial infarction, stroke, and venous thromboembolism are characterized by oxygen deprivation. In hypoxia, biological responses are activated that evoke tissue damage. Rapid activation of early growth response-1 in hypoxia upregulates fundamental inflammatory and prothrombotic stress genes. We probed the mechanisms mediating regulation of early growth(More)
Axotomy of peripheral nerve triggers events that coordinate a limited inflammatory response to axonal degeneration and initiation of neurite outgrowth. Inflammatory and neurite outgrowth-promoting roles for the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) have been suggested, so we tested its role in peripheral nerve regeneration. Analysis of(More)