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During rat cortical development, when neurons migrate from the ventricular zone to the cortical plate, GABA localizes within the target destinations of migratory neurons. At this time, cells in germinal zones and along migratory pathways express GABA receptor subunit transcripts, implying that in vivo, GABA may be a chemoattractant. We used an in vitro(More)
Low-molecular-weight glutenin subunit (LMW-GS) Glu-B3 has a significant influence on the processing quality of the end-use products of common wheat. To characterize the LMW-GS genes at the Glu-B3 locus, gene-specific PCR primers were designed to amplify eight near-isogenic lines and Cheyenne with different Glu-B3 alleles (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h and i)(More)
Arsenic trioxide (As2O3), used to treat human diseases for centuries in traditional Chinese medicine, has been identified as a very effective antileukaemic agent, but its effect on solid tumours which could be more suitable for clinical treatment with arsenic compounds is still unknown. In this study, we investigated the in vitro effect of As2O3 at(More)
The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling pathway plays an important role in mediating survival signals in wide variety of neurons and cells. Recent studies show that Akt also regulates metabolic pathways to regulate cell survival. In this study, we reported that cyclin-dependent kinase-5 (Cdk5) regulates Akt activity and cell survival through(More)
Trivalent arsenic (arsenite, As3+) is a human carcinogen, which is associated with cancers of skin, lung, liver, and bladder. However, the mechanism by which arsenite causes cancer is not well understood. In this study, we found that exposure of Cl 41 cells, a well characterized mouse epidermal cell model for tumor promotion, to a low concentration of(More)
Cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (cdk5) is a serine/threonine kinase activated by associating with its neuron-specific activators p35 and p39. Analysis of cdk5(-/-) and p35(-/-) mice has demonstrated that both cdk5 and p35 are essential for neuronal migration, axon pathfinding and the laminar configuration of the cerebral cortex, suggesting that the cdk5-p35(More)
Increasing evidence has shown that some neurotransmitters act as growth-regulatory signals during brain development. Here we report a role for the classical neurotransmitter acetylcholine (ACh) to stimulate proliferation of neural stem cells and stem cell-derived progenitor cells during neural cell lineage progression in vitro. Neuroepithelial cells in the(More)
The developmental stage at which nerve cells initially express specific neurotransmitters and their corresponding receptors remains elusive. In the present study, the distribution patterns of transcripts for the GABA-synthesizing enzyme, glutamate decarboxylase (GAD67), and specific GABAA receptor subunits were examined in the proliferative zone of the rat(More)
The development of GABAergic neurons in the spinal cord of the rat has been investigated by immunocytochemical staining of frozen sections with anti-gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) antiserum. In the cervical cord, GABA-immunoreactive fibers first appeared at embryonic day (E) 13 in the presumptive white matter within the ventral commissure, ventral(More)
Curcumin (diferuloylmethane), a yellow pigment that is obtained from the rhizomes of Curcuma longa Linn., is a major component of turmeric and is commonly used as a spice and food-coloring agent. The inhibitory effects of feeding commercial grade curcumin (77% curcumin, 17% demethoxycurcumin, and 3% bisdemethoxycurcumin) in AIN 76A diet on(More)