Thomas J O'Shaughnessy8
Eric J Jokela4
Kara M Shaffer3
8Thomas J O'Shaughnessy
4Eric J Jokela
3Kara M Shaffer
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Cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (cdk5) is a serine/threonine kinase activated by associating with its neuron-specific activators p35 and p39. Analysis of cdk5(-/-) and p35(-/-) mice has demonstrated that both cdk5 and p35 are essential for neuronal migration, axon pathfinding and the laminar configuration of the cerebral cortex, suggesting that the cdk5-p35(More)
BACKGROUND Interactions of cells with the extracellular matrix (ECM) are critical for the establishment and maintenance of stem cell self-renewal and differentiation. However, the ECM is a complex mixture of matrix molecules; little is known about the role of ECM components in human embryonic stem cell (hESC) differentiation into neural progenitors and(More)
Neurons produce complex patterns of electrical spikes, which are often clustered in bursts. The patterns of spikes and bursts can change substantially when neurons are exposed to toxins and chemical agents. For that reason, characterization of these patterns is important for the development of neuron-based biosensors for environmental threat exposure. Here,(More)
This article summarizes the proceedings of a symposium held at the 2002 Research Society on Alcoholism Meeting in San Francisco, California. The aim of this symposium was to review research on the effects of ethanol on neural stems cells and neurogenesis. Ethanol is known to alter neurogenesis during development; however, recent studies indicate that the(More)
To investigate synaptic formation of neurons grown on three-dimensional (3D) collagen gels, neurons dissociated from embryonic rat cerebral cortices were seeded onto type-I collagen gels and cultured in serum-free medium for up to 2 weeks. Double-immunostaining for mitogen-activated protein-2 (MAP-2), a neuronal cell body and dendritic marker, and synapsin(More)
BACKGROUND A unique and essential property of embryonic stem cells is the ability to self-renew and differentiate into multiple cell lineages. However, the possible differences in proliferation and differentiation capabilities among independently-derived human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) are not well known because of insufficient characterization. To(More)
Neural stem and progenitor cells isolated from embryonic day 13 rat cerebral cortex were immobilized in three-dimensional type I collagen gels, and then the cell-collagen constructs were transferred to rotary wall vessel bioreactors and cultured in serum-free medium containing basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) combined with brain-derived neurotrophic(More)
Azaspiracid-1 (AZA-1) is a recently identified phycotoxin that accumulates in molluscs and can cause severe human intoxications. For this study, we utilized murine spinal cord and frontal cortex neuronal networks grown over 64 channel microelectrode arrays (MEAs) to gain insights into the mechanism of action of AZA-1 on neuronal cells. Extracellular(More)
Brevetoxins and saxitoxins (STXs), which are produced by marine dinoflagellates, are very potent neurotoxins targeting separate sites of the alpha subunit of voltage-dependent sodium channels (VDSCs). An attractive approach for marine toxin detection relies on pharmacological modulation of VDSCs expressed in cells or tissues. While these function-based(More)
Three cell groups, neural stem/progenitor cells (NS/PCs) dissociated from the embryonic day 11 (E11) rodent cerebral cortex, expanded NS/PC cultures, and cultured neurons from E15, were used to conduct a genomic study with differential display (DD). The mouse Af1q, homologue of human AF1q, was found to be significantly up-regulated during the neuronal(More)