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Pancreatic cancer is a malignant neoplasm of the pancreas. A mutation and constitutive activation of K-ras occurs in more than 90% of pancreatic adenocarcinomas. A successful approach for the treatment of pancreatic cancers is urgent. Antroquinonol, a ubiquinone derivative isolated from a camphor tree mushroom, Antrodia camphorata, induced a(More)
Antrodia camphorata is used in folk medicine for the treatment of inflammation syndromes and liver-related diseases in Taiwan. The goal of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of the mycelial extract of A. camphorata (ACE) for the treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in SLE-prone NZB/W F1 mice. After antibodies against double-stranded DNA(More)
Three new clerodane-type diterpenes, 6alpha,16-dihydroxycleroda-3,13-dien-15-oic acid (1), 6alpha,16-dihydroxycleroda-4(18),13-dien-15-oic acid (2), and 4alpha,18beta-epoxy-16-hydroxyclerod-13-en-15-oic acid (3), and four new protoberberine alkaloids, (-)-8-oxo-10-hydroxy-2,3,9-trimethoxyberberine (4), (-)-8-oxo-2,11-dihydroxy-3,10-dimethoxyberberine (5),(More)
5'AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) are two serine/threonine protein kinases responsible for cellular energy homeostasis and translational control, respectively. Evidence suggests that these two kniases are potential targets for cancer chemotherapy against hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Antroquinonol that is(More)
Antroquinonol ( 1), an ubiquinone derivative, was isolated from the solid-state fermented mycelium of Antrodia camphorata (Polyporaceae, Aphyllophorales), a parasitic fungus indigenous to Taiwan. The structure of compound 1 was elucidated by the analysis of their spectroscopic data. Its cytotoxic activities were evaluated against MCF-7, MDA-MB-231 (human(More)
DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) catalyzes DNA methylation and is overexpressed in various human diseases, including cancer. A rational approach to preventing tumorigenesis involves the use of pharmacologic inhibitors of DNA methylation; these inhibitors should reactivate tumor suppressor genes (TSGs) in tumor cells and restore tumor suppressor pathways.(More)
Twenty commercial samples of Aurantii Fructus Immaturus (Poncitrus trifoliata) and 30 of Aurantii Fructus Maturus (Citrus aurantium and C. wilsonii) were collected from the Taiwan and China herbal markets. The contents of 12 constituents in these samples were determined by HPLC and were used to assess the potential relationships with their plant origins.(More)
Antroquinonol is the smallest anticancer molecule isolated from Antrodia camphorata thus far. The ubiquinone-like structure of Antroquinonol exhibits a broad spectrum of activity against malignancies in vivo and in vitro. However, the mechanism of action of Antroquinonol remains unclear. Here, we provide evidence that Antroquinonol plays a role in the(More)
Four metabolites (1-4) of antroquinonol from rat urine, collected within 24 h after oral administration of antroquinonol, were characterized by HPLC-SPE-NMR. Compounds 1-4 were further isolated by semipreparative HPLC for structure confirmation. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopic analyses and HRESIMS data.
A total of 50 commercial samples of Aurantii Fructus, originating from Poncitrus trifoliata for Aurantii Fructus Immaturus, Citrus aurantium, and C. wilsonii for Aurantii Fructus Maturus, respectively, were collected from Taiwan and China herbal markets. Contents of the constituents in the samples were determined within 60 min using a developed HPLC method,(More)
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