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Within the first 5 min after a sudden relief from glucose limitation, Saccharomyces cerevisiae exhibited fast changes of intracellular metabolite levels and a major transcriptional reprogramming. Integration of transcriptome and metabolome data revealed tight relationships between the changes at these two levels. Transcriptome as well as metabolite changes(More)
First, we report the application of stable isotope dilution theory in metabolome characterization of aerobic glucose limited chemostat culture of S. cerevisiae CEN.PK 113-7D using liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization MS/MS (LC-ESI-MS/MS). A glucose-limited chemostat culture of S. cerevisiae was grown to steady state at a specific growth rate(More)
An experimental platform has been developed for rapid sampling and quenching of chemostat cultivated Penicillium chrysogenum broth for metabolome analysis in highly dynamic experiments, aimed at the elucidation of the in vivo kinetic properties of metabolism. The sampling and quenching protocol available from Saccharomyces cerevisiae had to be modified for(More)
Malic acid is a potential biomass-derivable "building block" for chemical synthesis. Since wild-type Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains produce only low levels of malate, metabolic engineering is required to achieve efficient malate production with this yeast. A promising pathway for malate production from glucose proceeds via carboxylation of pyruvate,(More)
In this study we developed a new method for accurately determining the pentose phosphate pathway (PPP) split ratio, an important metabolic parameter in the primary metabolism of a cell. This method is based on simultaneous feeding of unlabeled glucose and trace amounts of [U-13C]gluconate, followed by measurement of the mass isotopomers of the intracellular(More)
Metabolic-flux analyses in microorganisms are increasingly based on (13)C-labeling data. In this paper a new approach for the measurement of (13)C-label distributions is presented: rapid sampling and quenching of microorganisms from a cultivation, followed by extraction and detection by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry of free intracellular(More)
A novel method was developed for the quantitative analysis of the microbial metabolome using a mixture of fully uniformly (U) (13)C-labeled metabolites as internal standard (IS) in the metabolite extraction procedure the subsequent liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS/MS) analysis. This mixture of fully U(More)
This study addresses the relation between NADPH supply and penicillin synthesis, by comparing the flux through the oxidative branch of the pentose phosphate pathway (PPP; the main source of cytosolic NADPH) in penicillin-G producing and non-producing chemostat cultures of Penicillium chrysogenum. The fluxes through the oxidative part of the PPP were(More)
A new sensitive and accurate analytical method has been developed for quantification of intracellular nucleotides in complex biological samples from cultured cells of different microorganisms such as Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Escherichia coli, and Penicillium chrysogenum. This method is based on ion pair reversed phase liquid chromatography electrospray(More)
A well-established way of determining metabolic fluxes is to measure 2D [(13)C,(1)H] COSY NMR spectra of components of biomass grown on uniformly (13)C-labeled carbon sources. When using the entire set of measured data to simultaneously determine all fluxes in a proposed metabolic network model, the (13)C-labeling distribution in all measured compounds has(More)