- Full text PDF available (2)
In vaccinated populations, the diagnosis of measles often requires laboratory confirmation. Serum tested by EIAs has proven sensitive and specific for diagnosing measles. For comparison of detection of measles-specific IgM in oral fluid and serum samples by an antibody-capture EIA, 163 Ethiopian infants who presented for routine measles vaccination were… (More)
An outbreak of acute hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection occurred from October 1988 to March 1989 in military camps in northern Ethiopia. The epidemic was waterborne and entirely confined to military men, of whom 423 hospitalized, icteric patients were studied. The clinical course was mild and short, without any fulminant hepatitis or death. All sera tested… (More)
This report describes two unusual human rabies patients, a 41 year old woman and a 5 year old boy. The only known source of exposure for both patients was to family members who died of rabies. The clinical histories of these two patients suggest the possibility of naturally occurring human-to-human transmission of rabies.
Amharic, a working language in Ethiopia, has its own writing system which is totally different from that of the Latin alphabet based languages. Amharic handwriting recognition is challenging due to the huge number of symbols, significant interclass similarity and also intra-class variability. In this paper the application of Hidden Markov Random Field… (More)
Neonatal tetanus (NNT) is the second most frequent cause of infant mortality among the six vaccine preventable infections in developing countries. However, lack of reliable data has largely obscured the importance of the problem in these countries. A community based NNT mortality survey was conducted, using cluster sample method developed by WHO/EPI, in… (More)
Many organizations have now adopted Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) as an architectural style to help them with architecture, design and implementation of their core services and systems. Most of these organizations are challenged in integrating SOA style with their overall Enterprise Architecture work. This framework links an SOA style with the… (More)
A study was carried out in three selected administrative regions of Ethiopia to identify factors responsible for non-attendance in immunization coverage. Sixty clusters were selected from EPI operational localities. A house to house survey was done and ten children between the ages of 12-23 months from each cluster were included in the study. Factors such… (More)