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Dual-modal in vivo tumor imaging and photodynamic therapy using hexagonal NaYF(4):Yb,Er/NaGdF(4) core-shell upconverting nanoparticles combined with a photosensitizer, chlorin e6, is reported. Tumors can be clearly observed not only in the upconversion luminescence image but also in the magnetic resonance image. In vivo photodynamic therapy by systemic(More)
In order to design a water soluble polymeric photosensitizer (WPS) with controllable photoactivity, a nano-photosensitizer (NPS) was prepared from a polyelectrolyte complex between polyethylene glycol-polyethylenimine-chlorine e6 conjugate (PEG-PEI-Ce6) and Black Hole Quencher-3 chondroitin sulfate conjugate (BHQ-3-CS). NPSs have a unimodal size(More)
Nanoparticle-based diagnosis-therapy integrative systems represent an emerging approach to cancer treatment. However, the diagnostic sensitivity, treatment efficacy, and bioavailability of nanoparticles as well as the heterogeneity and drug resistance of tumors pose tremendous challenges for clinical implementation. We herein report on the fabrication of(More)
A cancer-recognizable MRI contrast agents (CR-CAs) has been developed using pH-responsive polymeric micelles. The CR-CAs with pH sensitivity were self-assembled based on well-defined amphiphilic block copolymers, consisting of methoxy poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(L-histidine) (PEG-p(L-His)) and methoxy poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(L-lactic(More)
The endolysosome is a major barrier for the effective intracellular delivery by conventional nanocarriers. Herein, we demonstrate that endolysosome environment-responsive photodynamic nanocarriers (EPNs) are capable of encapsulation of the hydrophobic drug paclitaxel (PTX) and photosensitizer (PS)-mediated ELB disruption for effective cancer therapy. EPNs(More)
In order to obtain feasibility data regarding the possibility of using chondroitin sulfate (CS) in an anti-cancer drug delivery system, CS was chemically modified by a one-step process with acetic anhydride. Although 3 samples with different degrees of acetylation were synthesized, only the sample with the highest degree of acetylation (AC-CS3) was tested(More)
To improve the gadolinium (Gd) internalization efficiency in stem cells, gadolinium-chelate nanoparticles were prepared from a pullulan derivative (pullulan-deoxycholic acid (DOCA)-diethylene triamine pentaacetic (DTPA)-Gd conjugate; PDDG) and then the PDDG was entrapped into human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) by the photochemical-internalization (PCI)(More)
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) has emerged as a treatment for certain malignant-like skin, head and neck, gastrointestinal, and gynecological cancers. The broader acceptance of PDT treatment for large or deep-seated tumors is still hindered, at least in part, by the low photodynamic efficiency of photosensitizers (PS) in the deep-seated tumor environment where(More)
Quantum dot (QDs) have been employed as bioimaging agents and delivery vehicles for gene therapeutics in several types of cells. In this study, we fabricated multiple QD bundled nanoparticles (NPs) to investigate the effect of QD size and poly(ethylenimine) (PEI) coating on the efficiency of gene delivery into human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs). Several(More)