Wook Joon Chung

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Synapse-associated proteins (SAPs) are constituents of the pre- and postsynaptic submembraneous cytomatrix. Here, we present SAP102, a novel 102kDa SAP detected in dendritic shafts and spines of asymmetric type 1 synapses. SAP102 is enriched in preparations of synaptic junctions, where it biochemically behaves as a component of the cortical cytoskeleton.(More)
Piccolo is a novel component of the presynaptic cytoskeletal matrix (PCM) assembled at the active zone of neurotransmitter release. Analysis of its primary structure reveals that Piccolo is a multidomain zinc finger protein structurally related to Bassoon, another PCM protein. Both proteins were found to be shared components of glutamatergic and GABAergic(More)
Bassoon is a 420-kDa presynaptic cytomatrix protein potentially involved in the structural organization of neurotransmitter release sites. In this study, we have investigated a possible role for Bassoon in synaptogenesis and in defining synaptic vesicle recycling sites. We find that it is expressed at early stages of neuronal differentiation in which it is(More)
We determined whether resveratrol, a phenolic antioxidant found in grapes and other food products, inhibited phorbol ester (PMA)-mediated induction of COX-2 in human mammary and oral epithelial cells. Treatment of cells with PMA induces COX-2 and causes a marked increase in the production of prostaglandin E2. These effects were inhibited by resveratrol.(More)
Glial cells play an important role in sequestering neuronally released glutamate via Na+-dependent transporters. Surprisingly, these transporters are not operational in glial-derived tumors (gliomas). Instead, gliomas release glutamate, causing excitotoxic death of neurons in the vicinity of the tumor. We now show that glutamate release from glioma cells is(More)
Malignant gliomas have been shown to release glutamate, which kills surrounding brain cells, creating room for tumor expansion. This glutamate release occurs primarily via system xC, a Na+-independent cystine-glutamate exchanger. We show here, in addition, that the released glutamate acts as an essential autocrine/paracrine signal that promotes cell(More)
The synapse-associated protein SAP97 is a member of a novel family of cortical cytoskeletal proteins involved in the localization of ion channels at such membrane specializations as synaptic junctions. These multidomain proteins have binding sites for protein 4.1, GKAPs/SAPAPs, voltage- and ligand-gated ion channels and cell-adhesion molecules containing(More)
Ionotropic glutamate receptors are known to cluster at high concentration on the postsynaptic membrane of excitatory synapses, but the mechanism by which this occurs is poorly understood. Studies on the neuromuscular junction and central inhibitory synapses suggest that clustering of neurotransmitter receptors requires its interaction with a cytoplasmic(More)
Oncogenes enhance the expression of cyclooxygenase (Cox)-2, but interactions between tumor suppressor genes and Cox-2 have not been studied. In the present work, we have compared the levels of Cox-2 and the production of prostaglandin E2 in mouse embryo fibroblasts that do not express any p53 ((10)1) versus the same cell line ((10. 1)Val5) engineered to(More)
The ceramide signaling pathway is activated by the sphingomyelinase (SMase)-mediated hydrolysis of cell membrane sphingomyelin to ceramide. We determined whether ceramide, a lipid second messenger, induced cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in human mammary epithelial cells. Treatment of cells with neutral SMase or C2- or C6-ceramide enhanced prostaglandin E2(More)