Wooi K. Lim

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Thirty-nine mutant tryptophan synthase alpha subunits have been purified and analyzed (in the presence of the beta 2-subunit) for their enzymatic (kcat, Km) behavior in the reactions catalyzed by the alpha 2.beta 2 complex, the fully constituted form of this enzyme. The mutant alpha subunits, obtained by in vitro random, saturation mutagenesis of the(More)
The human myelocytic leukemia cell line HL-60 is a useful model for the study of cellular differentiation. Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) induces the monocyte/macrophage-like differentiation of HL-60 cells and results in growth arrest, increasing adherence. In PMA-induced differentiation of HL-60 cells, phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI 3-K) activity was(More)
SPARC (secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine) is an extracellular Ca(2+)-binding glycoprotein associated with the morphogenesis and remodeling of various tissues. Here, involvement of SPARC in the myogenesis of skeletal myoblasts was investigated in vitro. First, the differential expression of SPARC mRNA during the myogenesis was initially identified(More)
Certain Escherichia coli tryptophan synthase mutant alpha-subunits encoded from mutagenized trpA-containing plasmids were overexpressed as insoluble aggregates which were seen as large, intracellular inclusion bodies. The insoluble aggregates were solubilized to various degrees by several neutral, chaotropic salts. The order of effectiveness of these salts(More)
We propose to cascade the Shape-Preserving Piecewise Cubic Hermite model with the Autoregressive Moving Average (ARMA) interpolator; we call this technique the Shape-Preserving Piecewise Cubic Hermite Autoregressive Moving Average (SP2CHARMA) model. In a few test cases involving different images, this model is found to deliver an optimum solution for signal(More)
An exponential contrast stretching (ECS) technique is developed to reduce the charging effects on scanning electron microscope images. Compared to some of the conventional histogram equalization methods, such as bi-histogram equalization and recursive mean-separate histogram equalization, the proposed ECS method yields better image compensation. Diode(More)
In vitro mutagenesis of the Escherichia coli trpA gene has yielded 66 mutant tryptophan synthase alpha subunits containing single amino acid substitutions at 49 different residue sites and 29 double and triple amino acid substitutions at 16 additional sites, all within the first 121 residues of the protein. The 66 singly altered mutant alpha subunits(More)
A new technique for estimation of signal-to-noise ratio in scanning electron microscope images is reported. The method is based on the image noise cross-correlation estimation model recently developed. We derive the basic performance limits on a single image signal-to-noise ratio estimation using the Cramer-Rao inequality. The results are compared with(More)
In this study, an inverse microwave scattering model for sea ice has been developed for the purpose of sea ice thickness retrieval using radar backscatter data. The model is loosely based on the Radiative-Transfer-Thermodynamic Inverse Model for Sea Ice Thickness Retrieval from Time-Series Scattering Data. The developed inverse model is a combination of the(More)
Random chemical mutagenesis, in vitro, of the 5' portion of the Escherichia coli trpA gene has yielded 66 mutant alpha subunits containing single amino acid substitutions at 49 different residue sites within the first 121 residues of the protein; this portion of the alpha subunit contains four of the eight alpha helices and three of the eight beta strands(More)