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The PMK1 mitogen-activated protein kinase gene regulates appressorium formation and infectious hyphae growth in the rice blast fungus. To further characterize this mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway, we constructed a subtraction library enriched for genes regulated by PMK1. Two genes identified in this library, GAS1 and GAS2, encode small proteins(More)
A hex-1 homolog named MVP1 was isolated from an appressoria cDNA library of the rice blast fungus Magnaporthe grisea. The transcript of approximately 1.6 kb contains 546 bp of coding sequence with a 3' untranslated region about 168 bp long and a 5' untranslated region about 870 bp long. Southern gel blot analysis of genomic DNA following digestion with(More)
Magnaporthe grisea, the causal fungus of rice blast, forms a specialized infection structure called an appressorium that is crucial for host plant penetration. A cDNA clone of M. grisea, showing strong sequence homology to FEM1 of Fusarium oxysporum and encoding an extracellular matrix protein, was isolated during an expressed sequence tag (EST) analysis of(More)
Disease resistance has not yet been characterized at the molecular level in cucurbits, a group of high-value, nutritious, horticultural plants. Previously, we genetically mapped the Fom-2 gene that confers resistance to Fusarium wilt races 0 and I of melon. In this paper, two cosegregating codominant markers (AM, AFLP marker; FM, Fusarium marker) were used(More)
SUMMARY The rice blast fungus Magnaporthe grisea causes one of the most destructive diseases of rice. To initiate the infection of host tissues, conidia elaborate germ tubes that differentiate specialized infection structures called appressoria. Microarrays composed of 3500 cDNAs of M. grisea were prepared for the identification of genes that are(More)
The present study was designed to investigate the question of whether or not astaxanthin improves stem cell potency via an increase in proliferation of neural progenitor cells (NPCs). Treatment with astaxanthin significantly increased proliferation and colony formation of NPCs. For identification of possible activated signaling molecules involved in active(More)
Beta2-microglobulin (beta2M) is a protein found free-form in the serum or on the cell surface non-covalently associated with the alpha-chain of the class I major histocompatibility (MHC-I) complex. The full-length cDNA containing beta2M was cloned from flounder, Paralichthys olivaceous. The transcript consists of 1610 nucleotides (nts), including an open(More)
A new family of antimicrobial peptide homologues termed Sp-Amp has been discovered in Pinus sylvestris (Scots pine). This is the first report of such proteins to be characterized in a conifer species. Sp-AMP1 was identified in a substructured cDNA library of root tissue infected with the root rot fungus Heterobasidion annosum and encodes a mature peptide of(More)
Rapid adaptation to various environmental stresses is a prerequisite for successful infection in fungal pathogens. ABC transporters are responsible for regulating intracellular levels of cytotoxic or xenobiotic compounds, suggesting a crucial role in pathogenesis. Here, we report genome-scale identification of putative ABC transporter genes in Magnaporthe(More)
In the present study, neuroprotective effects of astaxanthin on H2O2-mediated apoptotic cell death using cultured mouse neural progenitor cells (mNPCs) were investigated. To cause apoptotic cell death, mNPCs were pretreated with astaxanthin for 8 h and followed by treatment of 0.3 mM H2O2. Pretreatment of mNPCs with astaxanthin significantly inhibited(More)