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A key factor in the genetically programmed development of the nervous system is the death of massive numbers of neurons. Therefore, genetic mechanisms governing cell survival are of fundamental importance to developmental neuroscience. We report that inner ear sensory neurons are dependent on a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor called NeuroD for(More)
BACKGROUND An accurate, noninvasive technique for the diagnosis of coronary disease would be an important advance. We investigated the accuracy of coronary magnetic resonance angiography among patients with suspected coronary disease in a prospective, multicenter study. METHODS Coronary magnetic resonance angiography was performed during free breathing in(More)
PURPOSE MicroRNAs (miRNA) are small noncoding RNAs that are 18 to 25 nucleotides in length; they regulate the stability or translational efficiency of target mRNAs. Emerging evidence suggests that miRNAs might be involved in the pathogenesis of a variety of human cancers. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN In this study, we profiled miRNA expression in 10 early stage(More)
Genetic variants of the organic cation transporter 2 (protein, OCT2; gene, SLC22A2) were evaluated for their contribution to the variations in the pharmacokinetics of metformin, especially to its renal elimination. Genetic variants of SLC22A2 (c.596C>T, c.602C>T, and c.808G>T) showed significant differences in metformin pharmacokinetics when compared with(More)
BACKGROUND Conventional x-ray angiography frequently underestimates the true burden of atherosclerosis. Although intravascular ultrasound allows for imaging of coronary plaque, this invasive technique is inappropriate for screening or serial examinations. We therefore sought to develop a noninvasive free-breathing MR technique for coronary vessel wall(More)
Smads are signal transducers for members of the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) superfamily. Upon ligand stimulation, receptor-regulated Smads (R-Smads) are phosphorylated by serine/threonine kinase receptors, form complexes with common-partner Smad, and translocate into the nucleus, where they regulate the transcription of target genes together(More)
The present study was performed to evaluate the effect of steaming ginseng at a temperature over 100 degrees C on its chemical constituents and biological activities. Raw ginseng was steamed at 100, 110, and 120 degrees C for 2 h using an autoclave. The ginseng steamed at 120 degrees C was more potent in its ability to induce endothelium-dependent(More)
Current 2D black blood coronary vessel wall imaging suffers from a relatively limited coverage of the coronary artery tree. Hence, a 3D approach facilitating more extensive coverage would be desirable. The straightforward combination of a 3D-acquisition technique together with a dual inversion prepulse can decrease the effectiveness of the black blood(More)
Brain metastasis from epithelial ovarian carcinoma (EOC) is managed by a multimodal treatment approach. Thus, to determine the prognostic factors associated with this situation is important for management decisions regarding the type of treatment and aggressiveness of treatment. From 1995 to 2005, 13 patients with brain metastases resulting from EOC(More)
A member of the polyomavirus enhancer binding protein 2/core binding factor (PEBP2/CBF) is composed of PEBP2 alphaB1/AML1 (as the alpha subunit) and a beta subunit. It plays an essential role in definitive hematopoiesis and is frequently involved in the chromosomal abnormalities associated with leukemia. In the present study, we report functionally(More)