Woo-Nyoung Lee

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Bacteria regulate specific group behaviors such as biofilm formation in response to population density using small signal molecules called autoinducers (quorum sensing, QS). In this study, the concept of bacterial QS was applied to membrane bioreactors (MBRs) for advanced wastewater treatment as a new biofouling control paradigm. The research was conducted(More)
Subcritical flux operation is widely practiced in membrane bioreactors (MBRs) to avoid severe membrane fouling and, thus, to maintain sustainable permeability. Filtration at a constant subcritical flux, however, usually leads to a two-stage increase in the transmembrane pressure (TMP): initially slowly, then abruptly. We have investigated the mechanism of(More)
Factors affecting filtration characteristics in submerged hollow fiber membrane were investigated in membrane-coupled moving bed biofilm reactor (M-CMBBR). The trend of membrane biofouling in M-CMBBR was quite different from that in a conventional membrane bioreactor (MBR). The M-CMBBR showed much lower biofouling rate than a conventional MBR. Whereas the(More)
The effects of a sequencing variation for dissolved oxygen (DO) concentrations on the membrane permeability in a submerged membrane bioreactor (MBR) were studied. An MBR was continuously operated under alternating DO conditions, e.g., 36 h of an aerobic phase, followed by 36 h of an anoxic phase. The rate of increase in transmembrane pressure (TMP) in the(More)
The structures of biofilms deposited on the membrane surface under different dissolved oxygen (DO) conditions were characterized to identify its relation to membrane filterability in membrane bioreactors (MBR). The rate of membrane fouling for the low DO (LDO) reactor was 7.5 times faster than that for the high DO (HDO) reactor. Even though the biofilm(More)
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