Woo Keun Song

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Nitric oxide regulates cartilage destruction by causing dedifferentiation and apoptosis of chondrocytes. We investigated the role of the mitogen-activated protein kinase subtypes, extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK)-1/2, and p38 kinase in NO-induced apoptosis of rabbit articular chondrocytes and their involvement in dedifferentiation.(More)
We recently reported the cloning and sequencing of the alpha 7 integrin chain and its regulated expression during the development of skeletal muscle (Song et al. (1992) J. Cell Biol. 117, 643-657). The alpha 7 chain is expressed during the development of the myogenic lineage and on adult muscle fibers and this suggests that it participates in multiple and(More)
H36 is a 120,000-D membrane glycoprotein that is expressed during the differentiation of skeletal muscle. H36 cDNA clones were isolated from a lambda UniZapXR rat myotube cDNA library and sequenced. The deduced amino acid sequence demonstrates that H36 is a novel integrin alpha chain that shares extensive homology with other alpha integrins that includes:(More)
Palladin and SPIN90 are widely expressed proteins, which participate in modulation of actin cytoskeleton by binding to a variety of scaffold and signaling molecules. Cytoskeletal reorganization can be induced by activation of signaling pathways, including the PDGF receptor and Src tyrosine kinase pathways. In this study we have analyzed the interplay(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are important regulatory molecules implicated in the signaling cascade triggered by tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, although the events through which TNF-alpha induces ROS generation are not yet well characterized. We therefore investigated selected candidates likely to mediate TNF-alpha-induced ROS generation. Consistent(More)
The α7β1 integrin was originally identified and isolated from differentiating skeletal muscle and shown to be a laminin-binding protein (Song et al. (1992) J. Cell Biol. 117, 643-657). Expression of the α7 gene and protein are developmentally regulated during skeletal muscle differentiation and have been used to identify cells at distinct stages of the(More)
We investigated a signaling pathway leading to activation of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (Erk) 1 and 2 in Rat-2 cells stimulated with sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P). S1P treatment transiently activated Erk-1/-2 in a dose-dependent manner, and its activation was blocked by pertussis toxin, expression of RasN17, or inhibition of Raf or(More)
In the yeast two-hybrid screening, we have isolated a cDNA clone from a human heart library using Nck Src homology 3 (SH3) domains as bait. The full-length cDNA, which encoded 722 amino acids, was identified as a VIP54-related gene containing an SH3 domain, proline-rich motifs, a serine/threonine-rich region, and a long C-terminal hydrophobic region. We(More)
The appropriate regulation of the actin cytoskeleton is essential for cell movement, changes in cell shape, and formation of membrane protrusions like lamellipodia and filopodia. Moreover, several regulatory proteins affecting actin dynamics have been identified in the motile regions of cells. Here, we provide evidence for the involvement of SPIN90 in the(More)
The alpha-helical antibiotic peptide (P18: KWKLFKKIPKFLHLAKKF-NH2) designed from the cecropin A(1-8)-magainin 2 (1-12) hybrid displayed strong bactericidal and tumoricidal activity without inducing hemolysis. The effect of the Pro9 residue at central position of P18 on cell selectivity was investigated by Pro9 --> Leu or Pro9 --> Ser substitution. Either(More)