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AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activation increases fatty acid oxidation in skeletal muscle by decreasing malonyl CoA concentrations. However, this may not explain the long-term effects of AMPK activation. Here we show that AMPK activation by 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide ribonucleoside (AICAR) increases mRNA expression of PPARalpha target genes and(More)
Triglyceride accumulation in skeletal muscle contributes to insulin resistance in obesity. We recently showed that alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) reduces body weight and prevents the development of diabetes in diabetes-prone obese rats by reducing triglyceride accumulation in non-adipose tissues. AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a major regulator of cellular(More)
Obesity is rapidly increasing and is of great public health concern worldwide. Although there have been remarkable developments in obesity research over the past 10 years, the molecular mechanism of obesity is still not completely understood. Body weight results from the balance between food intake and energy expenditure. Recent studies have found that(More)
AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) acts as a cellular energy sensor, being activated during states of low energy charge. Hypothalamic AMPK activity is altered by hormonal and metabolic signals and mediates the feeding response. To determine the effect of diabetes on hypothalamic AMPK activity, we assayed this activity in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced(More)
Increased oxidative stress in vascular cells plays a key role in the development of endothelial dysfunction and atherosclerosis. Uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2) is an important regulator of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. This study was undertaken to test the hypothesis that, UCP2 functions as an inhibitor of the atherosclerotic process(More)
PURPOSE alpha-lipoic acid is an essential cofactor for mitochondrial respiratory enzymes that improves mitochondrial function. We previously reported that alpha-lipoic acid markedly reduced body weight gain in rodents. The purpose of this study was to determine whether alpha-lipoic acid reduces body weight in obese human subjects. METHODS in this(More)
We aimed; 1) to determine the validity of the EuroQol 5D (EQ-5D) for the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of Korean patients with type 2 diabetes, and 2) to identify associated factors of the HRQOL of these patients. Follow-up surveys were conducted for consecutive patients with type 2 diabetes. HRQOL was assessed using the EQ-5D and the Short Form-36(More)
Vaspin, an adipocytokine recently identified in a rat model of type 2 diabetes, has been suggested to have an insulin-sensitizing effect. However, the exact mechanism underlying this action has not been fully elucidated. Furthermore, the specific function of vaspin is largely unknown, especially in vascular cells. We examined whether vaspin affects the(More)
OBJECTIVE The degree of subclinical coronary atherosclerosis detected by coronary multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) in four groups defined by the state of metabolic health and obesity in an asymptomatic Korean population was compared. METHODS The data of 4009 asymptomatic subjects who participated in a routine health screening examination were(More)
CONTEXT Although recent animal studies have suggested that C1q/TNF-related protein-9 (CTRP9) is more likely to be involved in the regulation of vascular function, more specifically atherosclerosis, in rodents, little is known about whether serum CTRP9 level is associated with atherosclerosis in humans. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate(More)