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OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate the types of canal configurations and the incidence of a second mesiobuccal (MB2) canal in Korean maxillary molar mesiobuccal (MB) roots by analyzing cone-beam computed tomographic (CBCT) images. STUDY DESIGN Three-dimensional CBCT images of 458 maxillary first molars and 467 second molars from 276 Korean(More)
The aims of this study were to identify microorganisms on the surface of gutta-percha (GP) cones using a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and to evaluate the sterilization effect of 5.25% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), 2% chlorhexidine (CHX), and ChloraPrep on these bacteria. Alterations of the surface texture and physical properties of GP cone after chemical(More)
Palmatine is an isoquinoline alkaloid from Coptis chinensis, an herbal medicine used to treat various inflammatory diseases such as gastritis, edema and dermatitis. The present study examined the cytoprotective properties of palmatine on d(+)-galactosamine (GalN)/lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced fulminant hepatic failure. Mice were intraperitoneally given(More)
AIM To evaluate the safety and efficiency of novel ultrasonic scaler tips, conventional stainless-steel tips, and plastic tips on titanium surfaces. MATERIAL AND METHODS Mechanical instrumentation was carried out using conventional ultrasonic scalers (EMS, Nyon, Switzerland) with novel metallic implant tip (BS), a plastic-headed tip (ES), a plastic tip(More)
In this study, the protective effects of luteolin (1, a major component of Cirsium japonicum) were examined against d-galactosamine (GalN)/lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced fulminant hepatic failure. Mice received an intraperitoneal injection of 1 (25, 50, 100, and 200 mg·kg(-1)) 1 h before treatment with GalN (700 mg·kg(-1))/LPS (10 μg·kg(-1)). Treatment(More)
Porphyromonas gingivalis is considered with inducing pulpal inflammation and has lipopolysaccharide (LPS) as an inflammatory stimulator. GV1001 peptide has anticancer and anti-inflammation activity due to inhibiting activation of signaling molecules after penetration into the various types of cells. Therefore, this study examined inhibitory effect of GV1001(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY GCSB-5 (traditional name: Chungpa-Juhn), an herbal medicine composed of 6 crude herbs (Saposhnikovia divaricata Schiskin, Achyranthis bidentata Blume, Acanthopanax sessiliflorum Seem, Cibotium baromets J. Smith, Glycine max Meriill, and Eucommia ulmoides Oliver), has been widely used in Asia for treatment of neuropathic and inflammatory(More)
42V electrical power systems are on their way to replacing the present l4V systems in automobiles and 42V/14V dual voltage systems have been proposed to provide backward compatibility with the existing components for the 14V system. The synchronous buck/boost converter is an attractive topology for 42V/14V dual voltage systems since it offers bi-directional(More)