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3-Monochloropropane-1, 2-diol (or 3-chloro-1,2-propanediol, 3-MCPD) is a well-known food processing contaminant found in a wide range of foods and ingredients. It has been classified as non-genotoxic carcinogen but its carcinogenic potential in the rodents has been controversial. The carcinogenicity to B6C3F1 mice by drinking water administration was(More)
It is often difficult to determine the cause of early or sporadic deaths in toxicity studies, making interpretation difficult. To help in the interpretation of early deaths, it is critical that the background incidence of factors contributing to death be recorded and archived. Information was gathered from the control groups of 20 CD-1 mouse carcinogenicity(More)
Sodium 2-mercaptoethane sulfonate (Mesna) reacts with urotoxic metabolites of oxazaphosphorine drugs (e.g. cyclophosphamide or ifosfamide) and has been used clinically to protect against damage induced by these aggressive anti-neoplastic drugs in the kidney and lower urinary and genital tracts. Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a potent nephrotoxin in several species.(More)
It is sometimes difficult to assess the relevance of polyarteritis with treatment-related lesions in dog toxicity studies, as number of dogs used in a toxicity study is small and the lesions are similar to those seen in spontaneous diseases. This report is intended to establish a general profile of idiopathic canine polyarteritis in beagle dogs. Data from a(More)
It is sometimes difficult to assess the relevance of tumors that occur in treated animals in short-term studies. This report is intended to establish a general profile of tumor occurrence in young control CD-1 mice and Sprague-Dawley rats. Data from 20 rat and 20 mouse carcinogenicity studies conducted between 1990 and 2002 at Huntingdon Life Sciences, UK.(More)
OTA, a potent nephrotoxin in several species, is a renal carcinogen in animals and is implicated in the etiology of BEN. The NTP classified OTA as having clear evidence of carcinogenic activity, based on uncommon tubular adenomas and tubular cell carcinomas of the kidney and multiple fibroadenomas of the mammary gland, seen in the rat. As shown previously(More)
CKD-501 is a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) agonist. The current study was conducted in Sprague Dawley (SD) rats for 94-101 weeks to investigate the carcinogenic potential of CKD-501. 60 males received 0, 0.03, 0.12, or 1.0mg/kg/day, which was changed after 66 weeks to 0.24 mg/kg/day due to increased mortality, while 60 females received(More)
Apoptosis, programmed cell death, is a process involved in the development and maintenance of cell homeostasis in multicellular organisms. It is typically accompanied by the activation of a class of cysteine proteases called caspases. Apoptotic caspases are classified into the initiator caspases and the executioner caspases, according to the stage of their(More)
AIM Glucagon is an essential regulator of hepatic glucose production (HGP), which provides an alternative therapeutic target for managing type 2 diabetes with glucagon antagonists. We studied the effect of a novel human monoclonal antibody against glucagon receptor (GCGR), NPB112, on glucose homeostasis in diet-induced obese (DIO) mice. METHODS The(More)
Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) have been widely used in various biomedical applications for photothermal therapy, imaging and drug delivery. Although AuNPs have been recognized as a biologically safe material, very little is known about their molecular and cellular effects. To evaluate the gene expression profile and mechanism of the molecular level of(More)