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In this study, fermentation was employed as a tool to further increase the bioactive potential of processing by-product from a brown seaweed, Ecklonia cava, which can be obtained from food and cosmetic industries after its polyphenol extraction. The fermentation process was done for 24 h using an industrially important microorganism Candida utilis prior to(More)
The ability of the human immune system to respond to vaccination declines with age. We identified an age-associated defect in T cell receptor (TCR)-induced extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) phosphorylation in naive CD4(+) T cells, whereas other signals, such as ζ chain-associated protein kinase 70 (ZAP70) and phospholipase C-γ1 phosphorylation,(More)
Naïve and memory CD4 and CD8 T cells constitute a highly dynamic system with constant homeostatic and antigen-driven proliferation, influx, and loss of T cells. Thymic activity dwindles with age and essentially ceases in the later decades of life, severely constraining the generation of new T cells. Homeostatic control mechanisms are very effective at(More)
INTRODUCTION Interleukin (IL)-17 is a proinflammatory cytokine that is produced largely by a unique CD4(+) T-helper (Th) subset called Th17 cells. The development of Th17 cells is suppressed by interferon (IFN)-gamma produced by Th1 cells, suggesting cross-regulation between Th17 and Th1 cells. Thus, this study analyzed the balance of CD4+ Th17 and Th1 cell(More)
In this paper, we present a method for extracting consistent foreground regions when multiple views of a scene are available. We propose a framework that automatically identifies such regions in images under the assumption that, in each image, background and foreground regions present different color properties. To achieve this task, monocular color(More)
We propose a novel way to augment a real scene with minimalist user intervention on a mobile phone: The user only has to point the phone camera to the desired location of the augmentation. Our method is valid for vertical or horizontal surfaces only, but this is not a restriction in practice in man-made environments, and avoids to go through any(More)
Zinc is a trace element that is essential for innate and adaptive immune responses. In addition to being a structural element of many proteins, zinc also functions as a neurotransmitter and an intracellular messenger. Temporal or spatial changes in bioavailable zinc may influence the activity of several enzymes, including kinases and phosphatases. We(More)
Secondary metabolites of tropical seaweed are proven to exhibit variety of biological activities. Six species of seaweed (Caulerpa racemosa var. laete-virens, Caulerpa sertularioides f. longipes, Halymenia dilatata, Laurencia snackeyi, Padina boryana, and Sargassum swartzii) were tested for anti-inflammatory activity in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated(More)