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Traffic grooming is the term used to describe how different traffic streams are packed into higher-speed streams. In a WDM SONET/ring network, each wavelength can carry several lower-rate traffic streams in TDM fashion. The traffic demand, which is an integer multiple of the timeslot capacity, between any two nodes is established on several TDM virtual(More)
—Traffic grooming is the term used to describe how different traffic streams are packed into higher speed streams. In a synchronous optical network–wavelength division multiplexing (SONET–WDM) ring network, each wavelength can carry several lower-rate traffic streams in time division (TDM) fashion. The traffic demand, which is an integer multiple of the(More)
To fully utilize the capabilities of a SONET/ADM network, traffic grooming is needed to multiplex a number of lower-rate traffic streams into a higher-rate stream, and vice versa. Although the capacity of a SONET ring network can be upgraded by operating it over multiple wavelengths, the corresponding network design may be costly if it employs a large(More)
Traffic grooming is applied to WDM optical networks with the intent of provisioning lower rate connection requests onto lightpaths with higher rate. Traffic grooming problem is an optimization problem which mainly focuses on minimization of network cost through minimizing the devices used in the network. Our work focuses on dynamic traffic grooming with(More)
As mobile devices have been popular, many wireless applications for mobile devices have been developed. One of applications is to represent financial transaction report for a product such as online game. This paper presents the architecture of financial transaction report system of an online game on WAP with J2EE and WML as a case study. The implemented(More)
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