Wong Cheng Lee

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The culture of bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), as well as the control of its differentiation toward different tissue lineage, is a very important part of tissue engineering, where cells are combined with artificial scaffold to regenerate tissues. Graphene (G) and graphene oxide (GO) sheets are soft membranes with high in-plane stiffness(More)
The enumeration and characterization of circulating tumor cells (CTCs), found in the peripheral blood of cancer patients, provide a potentially accessible source for cancer diagnosis and prognosis. This work reports on a novel spiral microfluidic device with a trapezoidal cross-section for ultra-fast, label-free enrichment of CTCs from clinically relevant(More)
Surface engineering of substrates offers the possibility of controlling the physiological functions of cells at the molecular level. Fluorinated graphene promotes the differentiation of MSCs towards neuronal lineages. Cell alignment using printed polydimethylsiloxane channel arrays on fluorinated graphene further enhances the neuro-induction of MSCs even in(More)
Inconsistencies among in vitro and in vivo experiments using adult mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) confound development of therapeutic, regenerative medicine applications, and in vitro expansion is typically required to achieve sufficient cell numbers for basic research or clinical trials. Though heterogeneity in both morphology and differentiation capacity(More)
Inspired by the amphiphilicity of graphene oxide (GO), the surface of water is used as a template for the assembly of a GO film. Methacrylate-functionalized GO sheets can be cross-linked instantaneously at the water-air interface to form a highly wrinkled membrane spreading over an extended area. The multiple covalent linkages amongst the GO sheets enhances(More)
Efficient synchronization and selection of cells at different stages of the cell replication cycle facilitates both fundamental research and development of cell cycle-targeted therapies. Current chemical-based synchronization methods are unfavorable as these can disrupt cell physiology and metabolism. Microfluidic systems developed for physical cell(More)
Blood, a complex biological fluid, comprises 45% cellular components suspended in protein rich plasma. These different hematologic components perform distinct functions in vivo and thus the ability to efficiently fractionate blood into its individual components has innumerable applications in both clinical diagnosis and biological research. Yet, processing(More)
Marsupenaeus japonicus (6.37 +/- 1.29 g) individually exposed to 9 different combined solutions of ambient ammonia (C) and nitrite (C') ammonia at 0.003 [control], 0.39, and 1.49 mmol/L combined with nitrite at 0.001 [control], 0.38, and 1.49 mmol/L in 30 ppt were examined for nitrogenous excretion accumulations of ammonia, nitrite, urea, and uric acid in(More)
Bio-electrospraying is fast becoming an attractive tool for in situ cell delivery into scaffolds for tissue engineering applications, with several cell types been successfully electrosprayed. Bone marrow derived mesenchymal progenitor/stem cells (BMSC), which are an important cell source for tissue engineering, have not been explored in detail and the(More)
The capacity to produce therapeutically relevant quantities of multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) via in vitro culture is a common prerequisite for stem cell-based therapies. Although culture expanded MSCs are widely studied and considered for therapeutic applications, it has remained challenging to identify a unique set of characteristics that(More)