Won-il Chung

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Angiosperm seeds integrate various environmental signals, such as water availability and light conditions, to make a proper decision to germinate. Once the optimal conditions are sensed, gibberellin (GA) is synthesized, triggering germination. Among environmental signals, light conditions are perceived by phytochromes. However, it is not well understood how(More)
Plant photoreceptors regulate various developmental processes. Among the photoreceptors, phytochromes, red and far-red light receptors, regulate light responses through many signaling components, including phytochrome-interacting proteins. The functional relationships among phytochromes and their interacting proteins, however, have not been clearly(More)
Plants have diversified their leaf morphologies to adapt to diverse ecological niches. The molecular components responsible for regulating leaf morphology, however, have not been fully elucidated. By screening Arabidopsis activation-tagging lines, we identified a dominant mutant, which we designated longifolia1-1D (lng1-1D). lng1-1D plants were(More)
Transgenic potato plants (Solanum tuberosum L. cv. Superior) with the ability to synthesize glycinebetaine (GB) in chloroplasts (referred to as SC plants) were developed via the introduction of the bacterial choline oxidase (codA) gene under the control of an oxidative stress-inducible SWPA2 promoter. SC1 and SC2 plants were selected via the evaluation of(More)
In yeast and animals, tri- and dimethylation of histone H3 at lysine 4 (H3K4me3/2) are markers of transcriptionally active genes that have recently been shown to be primary ligands for the plant homeodomain (PHD) finger. However, PHD fingers able to bind to H3K4me3/2 have not been identified in plants. Here, we identify 83 canonical PHD fingers in the(More)
The accumulation of unfolded proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) elicits an ER-to-nucleus signaling pathway known as the unfolded protein response (UPR) in eukaryotes. In yeast, Ire1p, a kinase/endoribonuclease in the ER membrane, plays a key role in the UPR signaling. We isolated two cDNA homologs of IRE1 gene from Arabidopsis (AtIre1a, AtIre1b).(More)
Compared to mammals, little is known about the unfolded protein response (UPR) in plants. Using an oligonucleotide array comprising approximately 8200 Arabidopsis genes we investigated the effect of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress on gene expression. Expression of 26 genes increased, including at least nine whose products act in the ER, while their(More)
Lipid extracts of bovine pulmonary surfactant, which retain many of the biophysical characteristics of natural surfactant, contain approx. 98% lipid and 2% protein, as determined by amino acid analysis. Polyacrylamide/urea gel electrophoresis reveals that lipid extract surfactant contained a major apoprotein band with apparent Mr 3500 and minor apoprotein(More)
Trimethylation of histone H3 at lysine 27 (H3K27me3) is a histone marker that is present in inactive gene loci in both plants and animals. Transcription of some of the genes with H3K27me3 should be induced by internal or external cues, yet the dynamic fate of H3K27me3 in these genes during transcriptional regulation is poorly understood in plants. Here we(More)
Anthocyanins are major color pigments in plants. Their biosynthetic pathways are well established, and the majority of these biosynthetic enzymes have been identified in model plants such asArabidopsis, maize, and petunia. One exception inArabidopsis is UDP-glucose:flavonoid 3-O-glucosyltransferase (UF3GT). This enzyme is known as Bronze-1 (Bz1 ) in maize,(More)