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The ability to distinguish among heterospecific individuals has been reported in only a few animal species. Humans can be viewed as a special type of heterospecifics because individuals differ widely in behavior, ranging from non-threatening to very threatening toward animals. In this study, we asked whether wild magpies can recognize individual humans who(More)
Inhibitory effect of incubation on microbial growth has extensively been studied in wild bird populations using culture-based methods and conflicting results exist on whether incubation selectively affects the growth of microbes on the egg surface. In this study, we employed culture-independent methods, quantitative PCR and 16S rRNA gene pyrosequencing, to(More)
Corticotropin-releasing factor is known as a stress peptide which stimulates adrenocorticotropin and corticosterone release. It also has a direct central effect to produce various behavioural activations in rats. In the present study, we have designed and studied the effects of an antisense oligonucleotide directed against the corticotropin-releasing factor(More)
Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) has been found to play an important role in modulating the learning and memory processes in rats. In the present study, we examined the alteration of CRF mRNA level in rat hippocampus at different stages of the memory process. Results indicated that CRF mRNA is quite homogenously distributed within subdivisions of the(More)
Biochanin A (BCA) is a natural organic compound of the phytoestrogenic isoflavone class that has antioxidant and metal chelator properties in the presence of transition metal ions, however, its efficacy in animal models is still obscure. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate the protective effects of BCA against arsenic-induced hepatic(More)
Statins have been postulated to affect the bone metabolism. Recent experimental and epidemiologic studies have suggested that statins may also have bone protective effects. This study assessed the effects of simvastatin on the proliferation and differentiation of human bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) in an ex vivo culture. The bone marrow was obtained(More)
INTRODUCTION Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer seen in women in western countries. Thus, diagnostic modalities sensitive to early-stage breast cancer are needed. Antibody-based array platforms of a data-driven type, which are expected to facilitate more rapid and sensitive detection of novel biomarkers, have emerged as a direct, rapid means(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the relationship between 1,5-anhydroglucitol (AG) levels, which are a marker of glycemic control, and stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS This was a cross-sectional study with 269 subjects with type 2 diabetes who were divided into four groups based on estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) using(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether there is a difference in the association between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and incident diabetes based on the presence of impaired fasting glucose. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A total of 7,849 individuals (5,409 men and 2,440 women) without diabetes, who underwent comprehensive health check-ups annually for 5(More)
BACKGROUND Thyroid abnormalities affect a considerable portion of the population, and overt hypothyroidism is associated with an elevated risk of cardiovascular disease and adverse changes in blood lipids. Subclinical hypothyroidism is also associated with an increase risk of cardiovascular disease. So, we undertook this study to investigate the prevalence(More)