Won-Woo Lee

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The ability of the human immune system to respond to vaccination declines with age. We identified an age-associated defect in T cell receptor (TCR)-induced extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) phosphorylation in naive CD4(+) T cells, whereas other signals, such as ζ chain-associated protein kinase 70 (ZAP70) and phospholipase C-γ1 phosphorylation,(More)
Naïve and memory CD4 and CD8 T cells constitute a highly dynamic system with constant homeostatic and antigen-driven proliferation, influx, and loss of T cells. Thymic activity dwindles with age and essentially ceases in the later decades of life, severely constraining the generation of new T cells. Homeostatic control mechanisms are very effective at(More)
INTRODUCTION Interleukin (IL)-17 is a proinflammatory cytokine that is produced largely by a unique CD4(+) T-helper (Th) subset called Th17 cells. The development of Th17 cells is suppressed by interferon (IFN)-gamma produced by Th1 cells, suggesting cross-regulation between Th17 and Th1 cells. Thus, this study analyzed the balance of CD4+ Th17 and Th1 cell(More)
Zinc is a trace element that is essential for innate and adaptive immune responses. In addition to being a structural element of many proteins, zinc also functions as a neurotransmitter and an intracellular messenger. Temporal or spatial changes in bioavailable zinc may influence the activity of several enzymes, including kinases and phosphatases. We(More)
Secondary metabolites of tropical seaweed are proven to exhibit variety of biological activities. Six species of seaweed (Caulerpa racemosa var. laete-virens, Caulerpa sertularioides f. longipes, Halymenia dilatata, Laurencia snackeyi, Padina boryana, and Sargassum swartzii) were tested for anti-inflammatory activity in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated(More)
Fucoidan, extracted from Ecklonia cava, has been extensively studied because of its wide biological activities. However, antioxidative activities have not been yet examined. Therefore we evaluated in vitro and in vivo studies on antioxidative activities of E. cava fucoidan (ECF). ECF exhibited more prominent effects in peroxyl radical scavenging activity,(More)
In this study, fermentation was employed as a tool to further increase the bioactive potential of processing by-product from a brown seaweed, Ecklonia cava, which can be obtained from food and cosmetic industries after its polyphenol extraction. The fermentation process was done for 24 h using an industrially important microorganism Candida utilis prior to(More)
1], we noticed an error in Figure 4. In part (e), the SLEDAI score for the frequency of CD4+ T cells expressing CCR4 and/or CCR6 in a patient with SLE at the times of low disease activities should be " 6 " , rather than " 4 ". Th e corrected Figure 4 is given here overleaf as Figure 1.
IL-1β is a key mediator of sterile inflammation in response to endogenous particulates, a type of damage-associated molecular pattern (DAMPs) molecule derived from damaged cells. Despite the well-known role of sterile particulates such as monosodium urate (MSU) crystals as inflammasome inducers in monocytes/macrophages, little is known regarding how(More)
CD28 is a primary co-stimulatory receptor that is essential for successful T cell activation, proliferation, and survival. While ubiquitously expressed on naive T cells, the level of CD28 expression on memory T cells is largely dependent on the T-cell differentiation stage in humans. Expansion of circulating T cells lacking CD28 was originally considered a(More)