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This paper addresses a new feature map building method that can minimizes the appearance of phantom features by using only sparse sonar data. The approach is composed of extraction of features and building a probability grid map using only the footprint of sparse sonar data, estimation of position uncertainty of the feature, and evaluation of the reliable(More)
A virtual machine tool (VMT) is presented in this two-part paper. In Part 1, the analytical foundation for a virtual machining system is developed, which is envisioned as the foundation for a comprehensive simulation environment capable of predicting the outcome of cutting processes. The VMT system undergoes " pseudo-real machining " , before actual cutting(More)
In Part 2 of this paper, the dynamic cutting force model, thermal behavior model, and feed drive model used in the development of a virtual machine tool (VMT) are briefly described. Some results are presented to verify the proposed models. Experimental data agreed well with the predicted results for each model. A comprehensive software environment to(More)
OBJECTIVES Polycaprolactone (PCL) is an U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved synthetic biodegradable polymer and is easily fabricated into three-dimensional (3D) structures. In this study, the 3D-printed PCL implant for nasal augmentation was further evaluated for its suitability for nasal surgeries such as septoplasty and rhinoplasty. METHODS Ten(More)
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