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BACKGROUND Alopecia is the common hair loss problem that can affect many people. However, current therapies for treatment of alopecia are limited by low efficacy and potentially undesirable side effects. We have identified a new function for valproic acid (VPA), a GSK3β inhibitor that activates the Wnt/β-catenin pathway, to promote hair re-growth in vitro(More)
BACKGROUND β-Catenin, the transducer of Wnt signaling, is critical for the development and growth of hair follicles. In the absence of Wnt signals, cytoplasmic β-catenin is phosphorylated by glycogen synthase kinase (GSK)-3 and then degraded. Therefore, inhibition of GSK-3 may enhance hair growth via β-catenin stabilization. Valproic acid is an(More)
We evaluated the effect of hydrodynamic size of self-assembled nanoparticles on skin penetration of minoxidil in vitro and in vivo. Self-assembled 40- and 130-nm nanoparticles, both containing minoxidil, were prepared by solvent evaporation of poly(-caprolactone)-block-poly(ethyleneglycol) and were applied onto the skin of both hairy and hairless guinea(More)
AIMS The activation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway plays an important role in hair follicle morphogenesis by stimulating bulge stem cells. This study was to obtain the activator of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway from natural products and to determine whether this activator can induce anagen hair growth in mice. MAIN METHODS To identify materials that(More)
Androgens affect several human skin and prostate functions, and the androgen receptor is crucial for regulating the androgen-related mechanisms. In this study, we assessed the antagonizing effects of a Scutellaria baicalensis extract and its main component baicalin on proliferation of human scalp dermal papilla cells. First, the extract and baicalin(More)
BACKGROUND Within the last few years, hyaluronic acid (HA) fillers and radiofrequency (RF) devices have shown significant promise for skin rejuvenation. But the effects of HA only lasted for a relatively short duration. Therefore, we tried a new combination therapy of intradermal RF and HA filler. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the clinical efficacy of combination(More)
BACKGROUND The conversion of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone; 5alpha-androstan-17beta-ol-3-one by 5alpha-reductase plays a crucial role in hair baldness and prostatomegaly. Recent approach showed specific inhibitors for 5alpha-reductase type 2 such as finasteride promoted hair growth in male pattern alopecia. OBJECTIVE In order to search for effective(More)
— This paper revisits burst contention resolution problems in optical burst switching (OBS) networks from the viewpoint of network utility maximization. Burst collision occurs when two or more bursts access the same wavelength simultaneously , and the occurrence becomes more frequent as the offered load increases. In particular, when the network is(More)
Venous complications in patients with acute pancreatitis typically occur as a form of splenic, portal, or superior mesenteric vein thrombosis and have been detected more frequently in recent reports. Although a well-organized protocol for the treatment of venous thrombosis has not been established, anticoagulation therapy is commonly recommended. A(More)
— This paper examines burst contention resolution problems in optical burst switching (OBS) networks. Since burst contentions take place i) when the network is congested by increased input traffic, or ii) two or more bursts demand the same wavelength exactly at the same time even though there is no congestion. From these insights, we present two novel(More)