BACKGROUND Alopecia is the common hair loss problem that can affect many people. However, current therapies for treatment of alopecia are limited by low efficacy and potentially undesirable side effects. We have identified a new function for valproic acid (VPA), a GSK3β inhibitor that activates the Wnt/β-catenin pathway, to promote hair re-growth in vitro… (More)
— This paper revisits burst contention resolution problems in optical burst switching (OBS) networks from the viewpoint of network utility maximization. Burst collision occurs when two or more bursts access the same wavelength simultaneously , and the occurrence becomes more frequent as the offered load increases. In particular, when the network is… (More)
— This paper examines burst contention resolution problems in optical burst switching (OBS) networks. Since burst contentions take place i) when the network is congested by increased input traffic, or ii) two or more bursts demand the same wavelength exactly at the same time even though there is no congestion. From these insights, we present two novel… (More)
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Dear Editor: The forehead, which occupies… (More)
Neck wrinkles commonly develop owing to the aging process. However, recently, the number of patients with neck wrinkles has been increasing. Also, an increasing number of young patients have presented with this condition, possibly because of the effect of the head-down posture that they adopt when using their computer or smartphone. We report two cases of… (More)
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
BACKGROUND Recent advances in hyaluronic acid (HA) fillers and radiofrequency (RF) devices have been made in the context of skin rejuvenation and cosmetic surgery. Moreover, combination regimens with both techniques are currently being developed. OBJECTIVE The present study was designed to examine the clinical and histologic effects of a new needle that… (More)
In this paper, we propose an effective adaptive modulation and coding (AMC) scheme using channel prediction in MIMO-OFDM systems. In order to prevent utilization of outdated channel state information at transmitter (CSIT) due to feedback delay, we consider least mean square (LMS) channel prediction. LMS prediction can be implemented without any requirements… (More)