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We have developed a simple approach to high-performance, stretchable, and foldable integrated circuits. The systems integrate inorganic electronic materials, including aligned arrays of nanoribbons of single crystalline silicon, with ultrathin plastic and elastomeric substrates. The designs combine multilayer neutral mechanical plane layouts and "wavy"(More)
Electronic systems that offer elastic mechanical responses to high-strain deformations are of growing interest because of their ability to enable new biomedical devices and other applications whose requirements are impossible to satisfy with conventional wafer-based technologies or even with those that offer simple bendability. This article introduces(More)
This article reviews the properties, fabrication and assembly of inorganic semiconductor materials that can be used as active building blocks to form high-performance transistors and circuits for flexible and bendable large-area electronics. Obtaining high performance on low temperature polymeric substrates represents a technical challenge for(More)
This Letter introduces a biaxially stretchable form of single crystalline silicon that consists of two dimensionally buckled, or "wavy", silicon nanomembranes on elastomeric supports. Fabrication procedures for these structures are described, and various aspects of their geometries and responses to uniaxial and biaxial strains along various directions are(More)
The human eye is a remarkable imaging device, with many attractive design features. Prominent among these is a hemispherical detector geometry, similar to that found in many other biological systems, that enables a wide field of view and low aberrations with simple, few-component imaging optics. This type of configuration is extremely difficult to achieve(More)
Control over the composition, shape, spatial location and/or geometrical configuration of semiconductor nanostructures is important for nearly all applications of these materials. Here we report a mechanical strategy for creating certain classes of three-dimensional shapes in nanoribbons that would be difficult to generate in other ways. This approach(More)
It is essential to control the electronic structure of graphene in order to apply graphene films for use in electrodes. We have introduced chemical dopants that modulate the electronic properties of few-layer graphene films synthesized by chemical vapor deposition. The work function, sheet carrier density, mobility, and sheet resistance of these films were(More)
Stretchable complementary metal oxide silicon circuits consisting of ultrathin active devices mechanically and electrically connected by narrow metal lines and polymer bridging structures are presented. This layout—together with designs that locate the neutral mechanical plane near the critical circuit layers—yields strain independent electrical performance(More)