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Lycium Fruit has been used as a traditional drug for low back pain and chronic cough in east-Asian countries. However, inhibitory effects of Lycium Fruit water extract (LFWE) on inflammation remain unknown. In this study, we investigated the inhibitory effects of LFWE on pro-inflammatory mediator production in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW 264.7(More)
Latent HIV proviruses are silenced as the result of deacetylation and methylation of histones located at the viral long terminal repeat (LTR). Inhibition of histone deacetylases (HDACs) leads to the reemergence of HIV-1 from latency, but the contribution of histone lysine methyltransferases (HKMTs) to maintaining HIV latency remains uncertain. Chromatin(More)
The American Joint Committee on Cancer has proposed the tumor, node, metastasis (TNM) staging system to overcome the limitations of the Ann Arbor staging system for ocular adnexal lymphoma. We performed this study to evaluate the feasibility of the TNM staging system for ocular adnexal extranodal marginal zone lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue(More)
Solid tumors contain normoxic and hypoxic regions depending on the distance from the capillary. Normal cells may also be exposed to hypoxia under certain physiological conditions. Tumor hypoxia has been shown to associate strongly with tumor propagation and malignant progression. Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1alpha is stable under hypoxia and induces(More)
With the advent of new video standards such as H.264/AVC, the demands for low-complexity advanced video coding (AVC), particularly for the subfunction of variable block searching motion estimation, is increasingly important for efficient system designs. The motion estimation needs heavy computations and many external memory accesses which are the main(More)
Oyaksungisan (OY) is a traditional herbal formula broadly used to treat beriberi, vomiting, diarrhea, and circulatory disturbance in Asian countries from ancient times. The effect of OY on cancer, however, was not reported until now. In this study, we have demonstrated that OY inhibits cell proliferation and induces cell death via modulating the autophagy(More)
OBJECTIVE We report on the surgical outcome of endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) and analyze factors that influence surgical failure. DESIGN Retrospective observational cases series. PARTICIPANTS A total of 1083 cases who underwent endoscopic DCR with bicanalicular lacrimal stent insertion, performed by 1 surgeon between January 2007 and February(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Samul-tang (Si-Wu-tang in Chinese, Shimotsu-to in Japanese), widely used in eastern Asia, is composed of Angelica gigas (Angelicae Gigantis Radix), Cnidium officinale (Cnidii Rhizoma), Paeonia lactiflora (Paeonia Radix) and Rehmannia glutinosa (Rehmanniae Radix Preparata). Paeoniflorin, one of active components in Samul-tang(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Yijung-tang (YJ), a traditional Asian medicine, is used to treat various diseases. However, its anti-osteoporotic effect and mechanism of action remain unclear. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the anti-osteoporotic effect of YJ in ovariectomized (OVX) rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS Sprague-Dawley rats were divided(More)