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Phenolic constituents of virgin olive oil are reported to have antitumor activity. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms and specific target proteins of virgin olive oil remain to be elucidated. Here, we report that dialdehydic form of decarboxymethyl ligstroside aglycone (p-HPEA-EDA), a phenolic compound of virgin olive oil, inhibits tumor(More)
Berberine has been shown to have antidiabetic properties, although its mode of action is not known. Here, we have investigated the metabolic effects of berberine in two animal models of insulin resistance and in insulin-responsive cell lines. Berberine reduced body weight and caused a significant improvement in glucose tolerance without altering food intake(More)
Fatty acid synthase (FAS) is emerging as a potential therapeutic target to treat cancer and obesity. Bioassay-guided fractionation of a MeOH extract of the rhizomes of Dryopteris crassirhizoma (Dryopteridaceae), using an in vitro FAS inhibitory assay, resulted in the isolation of a series of acylphloroglucinols, as the active principles. The isolates 1-10(More)
To our knowledge, there is no report that directly shows an inhibitory effect of ginsenoside on melanin synthesis in B16 melanoma cells. Hence, we investigated whether the aglycone of Rh(4) (A-Rh4) inhibits melanin synthesis in B16 melanoma cells, and determined the mechanism of melanin inhibition. We isolated 12 ginsenoside compounds from leaves of Panax(More)
Jaceosidin (4',5,7-trihydroxy-3',6-dimethoxyflavone) was isolated from Artemisia argyi as a putative oncogene inhibitor. Jaceosidin inhibited binding between oncoprotein E6 of the human papillomavirus and the p53 tumor suppressor protein. In addition, jaceosidin inhibited binding between the E7 oncoprotein and the Rb tumor suppressor protein, and also(More)
Polygalasaponins were extracted from a plant (Polygala tenuifolia Willdenow) that has been prescribed for hundreds of years to treat psychotic illnesses in Korean traditional medicine. Previous in vitro binding studies suggested a potential mechanism for its antipsychotic action, as polygalasaponin was shown to have an affinity for both dopamine and(More)
Bioassay-guided fractionation of a MeOH extract of the rhizomes of Astilbe koreana (Saxifragaceae), using an in vitro protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) inhibitory assay, resulted in the isolation of a new triterpene, 3alpha,24-dihydroxyolean-12-en-27-oic acid (4), along with four triterpenes, 3-oxoolean-12-en-27-oic acid (1),(More)
The emergence of the H1N1 swine flu pandemic has the possibility to develop the occurrence of disaster- or drug-resistant viruses by additional reassortments in novel influenza A virus. In the course of an anti-influenza screening program for natural products, 10 xanthone derivatives (1-10) were isolated by bioassay-guided fractionation from the(More)
AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of metabolic syndrome including obesity and type-2 diabetes. As part of an ongoing search for new AMPK activators from plants, this study found that the total extract of Myristica fragrans (nutmeg) activated the AMPK enzyme in differentiated C2C12 cells. As active(More)
As part of our ongoing search for new antidiabetic agents from medicinal plants, we found that a methanol extract of Morinda citrifolia showed potential stimulatory effects on glucose uptake in 3T3-L1 adipocyte cells. Bioassay-guided fractionation of this active extract yielded two new lignans (1 and 2) and three new neolignans (9, 10, and 14), as well as(More)