Won-Jung Shin

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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The I-gel is a new single-use supraglottic airway device without an inflatable cuff. This study was designed to investigate the usefulness of the I-gel compared with the classic laryngeal mask airway (cLMA) and ProSeal laryngeal mask airway (pLMA) in anaesthetized, paralysed patients. METHODS The American Society of(More)
BACKGROUND Although regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO₂) measurements can detect disturbances in cerebral oxygenation, their usefulness is limited in patients with hyperbilirubinemia. We examined the relationship between rSO₂ and other laboratory variables that may affect interpretation of low rSO₂ in awake patients with end-stage liver disease before(More)
Increasing evidence indicates that lithium is a neuroprotective agent against transient focal and global ischemic injury in the adult animal. In the developing brain, lithium has shown protective effects against neuroapoptosis induced by drugs. This study was designed to investigate the neuroprotective effects of lithium on hypoxic–ischemic brain injury in(More)
OBJECTIVES In cirrhotic patients with hyperdynamic circulation characterized by a decrease in systemic vascular resistance (SVR) and an increase in cardiac output, cardiac and vascular properties are expressed in peripheral arterial pressure waveforms. We attempted to assess whether the variables derived from the radial artery waveform can predict(More)
Mayer wave (~10 s) blood pressure (BP) oscillations may represent rhythmic vasomotor activity. However, it remains unclear if volatile anesthetics disturb the coherence between heart rate (HR) and BP rhythms in this region, which may result in improperly affecting BP–HR modulation by the baroreflex, especially when sympathetic stimulation is evoked during(More)
During liver transplantation, the thermodilution cardiac output (CO) technique cannot respond to sudden hemodynamic changes associated with postreperfusion syndrome. Photoplethysmography (PPG) can reflect changes in intravascular volume and thus can be used to assess vasomotor tone and arterial stiffness on the pressure-volume relation. We investigated(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Ventriculo-arterial coupling (VAC) reflects the interaction between ventricular performance and effective arterial load. Current criteria for cirrhotic cardiomyopathy focus only on cardiac function without addressing the effect of hyperdynamic, low-resistance circulation. We investigated alterations in VAC in cirrhotic patients and their(More)
The maximum rate of pressure rise (dP/dtmax) in radial artery has been proposed as a noninvasive surrogate of aortic dp/dtmax, reflecting left ventricular (LV) contractility in children. The aim of this study was to investigate relationship between aortic and radial dp/dtmax at weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and usefulness of these indices for(More)
BACKGROUND i-gel™ is a new single-use supraglottic airway device without an inflatable cuff. This study was designed to compare the usefulness of i-gel™ versus a classic laryngeal mask airway (cLMA) in small children. METHODS Sixty-three children (age range : 4-72 months) were randomly assigned to an i-gel™ or cLMA group. We evaluated hemodynamic data,(More)