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To elucidate natural hybridization of Korean Phragmites, we collected Phragmites plants from 29 regions in South Korea. Haplotypes of the samples, which were determined using two known chloroplast intergenic sequences in this study, were combined with previously known haplotypes. Phylogenetic analysis identified that 30 Korean Phragmites were grouped with(More)
Genetic, antigenic, and pathogenic variability is known to exist among porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) viruses and has garnered great attention for diagnostics and disease control/prevention. A comparative serologic study was conducted on five field and two cell-attenuated viruses to determine if serologic responses to PRRS virus(More)
Calf diarrhea is a major economic burden to the bovine industry. Since multiple infectious agents can be involved in calf diarrhea, and the detection of each of the causative agents by traditional methods is laborious and expensive, a panel of 2 multiplex real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays was developed for rapid and simultaneous detection of(More)
BACKGROUND A new flow cytometric monocyte phagocytic assay (FMPA) was developed with 5-chloromethyl fluorescein diacetate (CMFDA)-labeled platelets for predicting the outcome of platelet transfusion. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS Twelve patients with a history of multiple platelet transfusions and 21 controls were enrolled in this study. Platelets labeled with(More)
BACKGROUND The beneficial effects of ginsenoside species have been well demonstrated in a number of studies. However, the function of ginsenoside Ro (GRo), an oleanane-type saponin, has not been sufficiently investigated. Thus, the aim of the present study was to investigate the anti-inflammatory effects of GRo in vitro using the Raw 264.7 mouse macrophage(More)
A case of tuberculosis is reported in an eight-year-old, male, elk (Cervus elaphus nelsoni). The elk showed severe coughing, respiratory distress, abdominal breathing, anorexia, and severe progressive emaciation in the elk farm. At necropsy, the elk appeared in poor body condition. Mild enlargement of retropharyngeal and submandibular lymph node was(More)
To assess the role of each envelope-associated protein (i.e., ORFs 2–6 products) of type 2 PRRSV in cross neutralization mediated by antibody, chimeric mutants were generated by replacing ORFs of a VR2332-based infectious clone with those of JA142, SDSU73, PRRS124, or 2M11715 that are genetically and antigenically distinct from VR2332 and two-way(More)
To study the oncogenic role of the NRAS oncogene (NRAS(G12V)) in the context of acute myeloid leukemia (AML), we used a Vav promoter-tetracycline transactivator (Vav-tTA)-driven repressible TRE-NRAS(G12V) transgene system in Mll-AF9 knock-in mice developing AML. Conditional repression of NRAS(G12V) expression greatly reduced peripheral white blood cell(More)
A high rate of genetic and antigenic variability among porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome viruses (PRRSVs) hampers effective prevention and control of the disease caused by PRRSV. The major envelope protein (GP5) encoded by the ORF5 of PRRSV has a critical role in inducing virus neutralizing (VN) antibody and cross protection among different(More)
The katG, inhA and ahpC genes, in 71 isoniazid (INH)-resistant and 26 INH-susceptible Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates, from South Korea were examined by sequencing and MspI restriction enzyme analysis. Mutations in the katG 315 alone, katG 315 plus inhA, katG 315 plus ahpC, katG 309 alone, katG 309 plus inhA, inhA alone, and ahpC alone, were detected in(More)