Won-Il Choi

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Positive pressure mechanical ventilation has significant systemic effects, but the systemic effects associated with ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI) are unexplored. We hypothesized that VILI would cause systemic microvascular leak that is dependent on nitric oxide synthase (NOS) expression. Rats were ventilated with room air at 85 breaths/minute for 2(More)
Mechanical ventilation has been shown to cause ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI), probably by overdistending or stretching the lung. Hyaluronan (HA), a component of the extracellular matrix, in low molecular weight (LMW) forms has been shown to induce cytokine production. LMW HA is produced by hyaluronan synthase 3 (HAS 3). We found that HAS 3 mRNA(More)
Tuberculous pleural effusion (TPE) is one of the most common forms of extrapulmonary tuberculosis. Because most studies of TPE focused on the pleural space, little information regarding lung parenchyma is available. We therefore aimed to investigate immune responses in the lung parenchyma of TPE patients without pulmonary tuberculosis. Patients with any(More)
In 2010, we proposed the first Korean Guidelines for the Prevention of Venous Thromboembolism (VTE). It was applicable to Korean patients, by modifying the contents of the second edition of the Japanese guidelines for the prevention of VTE and the 8th edition of the American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) evidence-based clinical practice guidelines.(More)
Aberrant activation of the Wnt pathway contributes to human cancer progression. Antagonists that interfere with Wnt ligand/receptor interactions can be useful in cancer treatments. In this study, we evaluated the therapeutic potential of a soluble Wnt receptor decoy in cancer gene therapy. We designed a Wnt antagonist sLRP6E1E2, and generated a(More)
BACKGROUND Increased mucus secretion is one of the important characteristics of the response to smoke inhalation injuries. We hypothesized that gel-forming mucins may contribute to the increased mucus production in a smoke inhalation injury. We investigated the role of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) in modulating smoke-induced mucus secretion. METHODS We(More)
BACKGROUND Pandemic influenza A (H1N1) disproportionately affects different age groups. The purpose of the current study was to describe the age and gender difference of pandemic influenza A (H1N1) cases that lead to pneumonia, hospitalization or ICU admission. METHODS Data were collected retrospectively between May 2009 and December 2009. All of the(More)
BACKGROUND Hemodynamic status and cardiac function are important factors for predicting pulmonary embolism (PE) prognosis. Although inflammation is considered a risk factor for deep vein thrombosis, the prognostic significance of both systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and leukocytosis has not been elucidated. This study evaluates PE prognostic(More)
ZNF509 is unique among POK family proteins in that four isoforms are generated by alternative splicing. Short ZNF509 (ZNF509S1, -S2 and -S3) isoforms contain one or two out of the seven zinc-fingers contained in long ZNF509 (ZNF509L). Here, we investigated the functions of ZNF509 isoforms in response to DNA damage, showing isoforms to be induced by p53.(More)
Mechanical ventilation has been shown to cause ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI), probably by overdistending or stretching the lung. Hyaluronan (HA), a component of the extracellular matrix (ECM), in low molecular weight (LMW) forms has been shown to induce cytokine production. LMW HA is produced by hyaluronan synthase 3 (HAS 3). We found that HAS 3(More)