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Long terminal repeats (LTRs) of human endogenous retrovirus (HERV) have contributed to the structural change or genetic variation of primate genome that are connected to speciation and evolution. Using genomic DNAs that were derived from hominoid primates (chimpanzee, gorilla, orangutan, and gibbon), we performed PCR amplification and identified thirty(More)
The inhibitory rod cyclic GMP-phosphodiesterase gamma subunit, PDEgamma, is a key component of the photoresponse and is required to support rod integrity. Pdeg(tm1)/Pdeg(tm1) mice that lack PDEgamma due to a targeted disruption of the gene encoding PDEgamma, (Pdeg) suffer from a very rapid and severe photoreceptor degeneration. Previously, deletions in the(More)
BACKGROUND Botulinum neurotoxin type A (BoNT/A) has been used as an analgesic for myofascial pain syndromes, migraine, and other types of headaches. Although an antinociceptive effect of central or peripheral administration of BoNT/A is suggested, the effect at the spinal level is still unclear. In this study, we evaluated the antinociceptive effect of(More)
Hitherto, full-length endogenous retrovirus (HERV)-R has been located at human chromosome 7q11.2, and mRNA and envelope proteins have been detected in placenta and a variety of other cell types. In the present study, using a probe derived from the gorilla fosmid library, we detected the paralogous locus (7q31.3) of the HERV-R env gene in human chromosome(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to analyze in detail the relationship between outcome and time course of effect in medically refractory primary cervical dystonia (CD) with phasic type that was treated by bilateral globus pallidus internus (Gpi) deep brain stimulation (DBS). METHODS Six patients underwent bilateral implantation of DBS into the Gpi(More)
The stereotactic surgical target for dystonic tremor is the subject of ongoing debate. Targeting the subthalamic area using deep brain stimulation has been regaining interest as a therapy for various types of involuntary movements. We describe the efficacy of stimulation of the subthalamic area in a patient with intractable dystonic tremor. Excellent(More)
Methionine sulphoxide reductases (Msr) catalyse the reduction of oxidized methionine to methionine. These enzymes are divided into two classes, MsrA and MsrB, according to substrate specificity. Although most MsrA and MsrB exist as separate enzymes, in some bacteria these two enzymes are fused to form a single polypeptide (MsrAB). Here, we report the first(More)
Inonotus obliquus (Pers.:Fr.) Pil. is a white rot fungus that belongs to the family Hymenochaetaceae of Basidiomycetes. Extracts and fractions of this fungus have been known to have biological activities, including antimutagenic, anticancer, antioxidative, and immunostimulating effects. Recently, there have been reports that the anti-inflammatory and(More)
Characteristic growth patterns of Cordyceps militaris isolates on various media, under varying light conditions and at varying incubation periods were examined. Light was found to be the most critical single factor in determining the density, texture, and pigmentation of the mycelial culture of the fungus. However, under the light condition, the degree of(More)
HERV-M (human endogenous retrovirus M), related to the super family of HERV-K, has a methionine (M) tRNA primer-binding site, and is located within the periphilin gene on human chromosome 12q12. HERV-M has been integrated into the periphilin gene as the truncated form, 5'LTR-gag-pol-3'LTR. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and reverse transcription-polymerase(More)