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Chronic hyperglycemia is toxic to pancreatic beta-cells, impairing cellular functioning as observed in type 2 diabetes; however, the mechanism underlying beta-cell dysfunction and the resulting apoptosis via glucose toxicity are not fully characterized. Here, using MIN6N8 cells, a mouse pancreatic beta-cell line, we show that chronic exposure to high(More)
We have previously shown that IFN-gamma/STAT1 plays an essential role in concanavalin A (ConA)-induced T cell hepatitis via activation of apoptotic signaling pathways. Here we demonstrate that IFN-gamma/STAT1 also plays a crucial role in leukocyte infiltration into the liver in T cell hepatitis. After injection of ConA, leukocytes were significantly(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6)-deficient mice are prone to ethanol-induced apoptosis and steatosis in the liver; however, the underlying mechanism is not fully understood. Mitochondrial dysfunction caused by oxidative stress is an early event that plays an important role in the pathogenesis of alcoholic liver disease. Therefore, we hypothesize that the protective(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Interferon (IFN)-alpha therapy is currently the primary choice for viral hepatitis and a promising treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Primary mouse and rat hepatocytes respond poorly to IFN-alpha stimulation. Thus, it is very important to examine the IFN-alpha signal pathway in primary human hepatocytes. METHODS The(More)
We previously demonstrated that chronic high glucose (33.3 mM) induced beta-cell dysfunction and apoptosis through glucokinase (GCK) downregulation, but the exact mechanisms involved remain unclear. Here, we show that prolonged exposure of 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide (AICA)-riboside potentiated apoptosis induced by high glucose in MIN6N8 pancreatic(More)
p73beta is a structural and functional homologue of p53, a tumor suppressor gene. In this study, we identified a novel p73beta-binding protein, p19ras, by the yeast two-hybrid screening method. Alternative splicing of the proto-oncogene H-ras pre-mRNA has led to two distinct transcripts, p19ras and p21ras. In both endogenous and overexpressed systems, we(More)
Insulin resistance occurs early in the disease process, preceding the development of type 2 diabetes. Therefore, the identification of molecules that contribute to insulin resistance and leading up to type 2 diabetes is important to elucidate the molecular pathogenesis of the disease. To this end, we characterized gene expression profiles from(More)
Interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) has been implicated in liver damage in animal models and chronic hepatitis C infection; however, the underlying mechanism is not clear. Here we examined the role of STAT1, a key signaling molecule for IFN-gamma, in a model of murine hepatitis induced by the injection of LPS/D-galactosamine and in human hepatoma Hep3B cells.(More)
Physical therapy intervention for children with cerebral palsy (CP) is focused on reducing neurological impairments, improving strength, and preventing the development of secondary impairments in order to improve functional outcomes. However, relationship between motor impairments and functional outcome has not been proved definitely. This study confirmed(More)
Hepatitis B virus X (HBx) protein is an important regulator of hepatic steatosis observed in patients with hepatitis B virus; however, its underlying molecular mechanism remains unclear. TNF receptor 1 (TNFR1) is an essential pathway for the HBx-mediated nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation involved in hepatic liver injury. Here, we show that(More)