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Suicide is not only an individual phenomenon, but it is also influenced by social and environmental factors. With the high suicide rate and the abundance of social media data in South Korea, we have studied the potential of this new medium for predicting completed suicide at the population level. We tested two social media variables (suicide-related and(More)
This paper presents a new framework for motion compensated frame rate up conversion (FRUC) based on variational image fusion. The proposed algorithm consists of two steps: 1) generation of multiple intermediate interpolated frames and 2) fusion of those intermediate frames. In the first step, we determine four different sets of the motion vector field using(More)
Microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) is inducible in response to cAMP through the cAMP-responsive element-binding protein (CREB) and plays a pivotal role in the melanocyte-specific expression of tyrosinase or tyrosinase-related proteins (TRPs) for melanin biosynthesis. Manassantin A from Saururus chinensis inhibits cAMP-induced melanin(More)
Hyperpigmentation disorders such as freckles and senile lentigines in the skin are associated with abnormal accumulation of melanin pigments. In this study, two lignan constituents were isolated from Saururus chinensis Baill (Saururaceae) as inhibitors of cellular melanin production by bioassay-guided fractionations. The active constituents were manassantin(More)
Staphylococcus aureus is an important pathogenic bacterium that causes various infectious diseases. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) released from S. aureus contain bacterial proteins, nucleic acids, and lipids. These EVs can induce immune responses leading to similar symptoms as during staphylococcal infection condition and have the potential as vaccination(More)
Our previous studies demonstrated that KG-135, a quality-controlled red ginseng-specific formulation containing approximately equal amounts of three major ginsenosides (Rk1, Rg3 and Rg5), down-regulated G1 cyclin-dependent kinase in HeLa cells. In the present work, we have found that KG-135 potentates cytotoxicity of etoposide by modulating apoptotic(More)
High temperature heat treatment of ginseng (Panax ginseng, C.A. Meyer) generates KG-135 (heat-processed neoginseng) which contains a mixture of three major ginseng saponins, ginsenosides Rk1, Rg3 and Rg5. Ginsenosides, particularly of the diol-type including Rk1, Rg3 and Rg5, have been shown to induce cell growth arrest in various cell types of human(More)
Up-regulation of cyclin-dependent protein kinase 2 (Cdk2) activity has been suggested to be prerequisite for progression of apoptosis induced by various apoptotic stimuli. In this study, we applied a phospho-proteomic technique to screen target molecules of Cdk2 during etoposide-induced apoptosis. For this purpose, phosphoproteins from the cell lysates were(More)
Background Many bacterial components in indoor dust can evoke inflammatory pulmonary diseases. Bacteria secrete nanometer-sized vesicles into the extracellular milieu, but it remains to be determined whether bacteria-derived extracellular vesicles in indoor dust are pathophysiologically related to inflammatory pulmonary diseases. We evaluated whether(More)