Wolfram Vater

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Albeit silks are fairly well understood on a molecular level, their hierarchical organisation and the full complexity of constituents in the spun fibre remain poorly defined. Here we link morphological defined structural elements in dragline silk of Nephila clavipes to their biochemical composition and physicochemical properties. Five layers of different(More)
Microtubule disassembly is commonly believed to be a process of endwise tubulin dimer release. The present study demonstrates by video interference contrast microscopy that Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS) caused microtubule disassembly in vitro by both endwise shortening and fragmentation. In contrast, the microtubules were only shortened from(More)
Spider silk fibroins can adopt different structural states at high protein concentrations. They are soluble within the spinning dope of the glands, but readily converted into insoluble polymers upon extrusion. A contribution of the C-termini to the maintenance and conversion of these states is suggested by their predicted secondary structures and(More)
We have investigated microtubules (MTs) and polymorphic assemblies, formed in vitro from isolated microtubule protein, by scanning force microscopy (SFM) in air and in liquid. Immobilization of MTs was achieved by placing a drop of the assembly solution on a polylysine-coated coverslip. After washing with taxol and air drying, the characteristic(More)
The spider silk gene family to the current date has been developed by gene duplication and homogenization events as well as conservation of crucial sequence parts. These evolutionary processes have created an amazing diversity of silk types each associated with specific properties and functions. In addition, they have led to allelic and gene variants within(More)
Some basic proteins enable microtubule protein to form special assembly products in vitro, known as double-walled microtubules. Using histones (H1, core histones) as well as the human encephalitogenic protein to induce the formation of double-walled microtubules, we made the following electron microscopic observations: (1) Double-walled microtubules consist(More)