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  • B A Reynolds, W Tetzlaff, S Weiss
  • 1992
The mitogenic actions of epidermal growth factor (EGF) were examined in low-density, dissociated cultures of embryonic day 14 mouse striatal primordia, under serum-free defined conditions. EGF induced the proliferation of single progenitor cells that began to divide between 5 and 7 d in vitro, and after 13 d in vitro had formed a cluster of undifferentiated(More)
Microgliosis is a common response to multiple types of damage in the CNS. However, the origin of the cells involved in this process is still controversial and the relative importance of local expansion versus recruitment of microglia progenitors from the bloodstream is unclear. Here, we investigated the origin of microglia using chimeric animals obtained by(More)
Although it was once thought that the corticospinal (pyramidal) tract was the main substrate of voluntary movement, the extent to which it is involved in the control of proximal vs. distal musculature, independent finger movements, and movements characteristic of different species of animals now is unclear. The objective of this study was to examine the(More)
Rubrospinal neurons (RSNs) undergo a marked atrophy in the second week after cervical axotomy. This delayed atrophy is accompanied by a decline in the expression of regeneration-associated genes such as GAP-43 and Talpha1-tubulin, which are initially elevated after injury. These responses may reflect a deficiency in the trophic support of axotomized RSNs.(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT The past three decades have witnessed increasing interest in strategies to improve neurologic function after spinal cord injury. As progress is made in our understanding of the pathophysiologic events that occur after acute spinal cord injury, neuroprotective agents are being developed. PURPOSE Clinicians who treat acute spinal cord(More)
Bridging of a lesion site and minimizing local damage to create an environment permissive for regeneration are both primary components of a successful strategy to repair spinal cord injury (SCI). Olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs) are prime candidates for autologous transplantation to bridge this gap, but little is known currently about their mechanism of(More)
Minocycline has been demonstrated to be neuroprotective after spinal cord injury (SCI). However, the cellular consequences of minocycline treatment on the secondary injury response are poorly understood. We examined the ability of minocycline to reduce oligodendrocyte apoptosis, microglial/macrophage activation, corticospinal tract (CST) dieback, and lesion(More)
Scientific interest to find a treatment for spinal cord injuries has led to the development of numerous experimental strategies to promote axonal regeneration across the spinal cord injury site. Although these strategies have been developed in acute injury paradigms and hold promise for individuals with spinal cord injuries in the future, little is known(More)
Olfactory bulb-derived (central) ensheathing cell (OB OEC) transplants have shown significant promise in rat models of spinal cord injury, prompting the use of lamina propria-derived (peripheral) olfactory ensheathing cells (LP OECs) in both experimental and clinical trials. Although derived from a common embryonic precursor, both sources of OECs reside in(More)
Neurons projecting into the peripheral nervous system (PNS) regenerate their axons after injury, in contrast to those confined to the central nervous system (CNS). Both neuronal and nonneuronal factors contribute to the lack of CNS regeneration. In this review we concentrate on the differential gene expression response to axotomy in PNS vs. CNS neurons. In(More)