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In order to define clinically relevant lactic acidosis, 12 biochemical variables, eight clinical symptoms and signs, leading diagnoses, and mortality were evaluated prospectively in approximately 2,000 unselected patients with internal diseases, consecutively admitted to the hospital. Patients with incomplete data sets were not considered. Of those patients(More)
We report on the evaluation of the second-generation assay for cardiac troponin T (cTnT) on the Enzymun system. This new assay is completely specific for the cardiac isoform of TnT, utilizing two cardiospecific monoclonal antibodies. The assay time is reduced to 45 min. The interassay precision shows a median CV of 5.5%; 20% interassay CV was found between(More)
It was the aim of the workshop to summarize present knowledge of the variant creatine kinases in human blood. Discussion was centered on the nature, measurement, and clinical significance of these variants. On the basis of the presented results, the different creatine kinase variants can be classified as follows: Normal size variants (80000 Daltons). These(More)
In the sera of four female patients with proven IgG-linked creatine kinase BB (macro creatine kinase BB) we studied the nature of the binding between creatine kinase isoenzymes and immunoglobulin G. The specificity towards the isoenzyme bound, the recombination of the complex after treatment with acid buffer, the site of the binding between both partners(More)
In 2.9% of sera from 1253 unselected patients we detected two different types of macromolecular creatine kinases (CK; EC 2.7.3.2). One macro type was represented by immunoglobulin-linked CK: in sera containing macro CK-BB isoenzyme, 125I-labeled CK-BB was bound with high affinity to the immunoglobulin fraction. Furthermore, during electrophoresis, macro(More)
We determined total CK activity with the N-acetylcysteine-activated method and residual activity after immunoinhibition of the CK-M subunits in the sera of 2018 patients consecutively admitted to our university hospital for internal diseases, and of 936 outpatients, regardless of the patients' diagnoses. We could detect not more than two types of macro CK:(More)
The determination of alpha-amylase activity using an ethylidene-blocked 4-nitrophenyl-maltoheptaoside (EPS) has been evaluated in five laboratories on eight different analysers at 25 degrees C, 30 degrees C and 37 degrees C. The protecting ethylidene group inhibits hydrolysis at the non-reducing end of the substrate molecule by the auxiliary enzyme,(More)
Determination of the MB isoenzyme of creatine kinase in patients with acute myocardial infarction may be disturbed by the presence of macro creatine kinase. The relative molecular mass of this form of creatine kinase in human serum is at least threefold that of the ordinary enzyme, and it is more thermostable. Here we describe our method for determination(More)