Wolfram Scharbrodt

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OBJECT In recent years, the importance of intraoperative navigation in neurosurgery has been increasing. Multiple studies have proven the advantages and safety of computer-assisted spinal neurosurgery. The use of intraoperative 3D radiographic imaging to acquire image information for navigational purposes has several advantages and should increase the(More)
The Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS) score is widely used to assess outcome after a subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Patients who have recovered fully or with a mild disability (GOS scores 4 and 5) frequently complain about difficulties in conducting their daily activities. The Short Form-36 (SF-36) Health Survey is a questionnaire that assesses outcomes in(More)
The iatrogenic malnutrition of neurosurgical patients in intensive care units (ICU) is an underestimated problem. It may cause a decrease in plasma albumin and oncotic pressure, leading to an increase in the amount of water entering the brain and increased intracranial pressure (ICP). This study was conducted to test the hypothesis that combined(More)
After subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) the detection of hemodynamically significant vasospasm is frequently difficult, especially in comatose patients. Most clinicians use transcranial Doppler sonography (TCD) to detect increasing mean blood flow velocities in the basal arteries as markers of cerebral vasospasm, without accounting for the effects of sedation(More)
After subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) cerebral metabolism is significantly impaired. Hyperglycolysis describes the reduction of oxidative metabolism followed by a relative increase of anaerobic glycolysis to maintain energy supply. This phenomenon is known in head injury but has not as yet been shown after SAH. This study was conducted to test the hypothesis(More)
BACKGROUND Calcium (Ca2+) is a cofactor of multiple cellular processes. The mechanisms that lead to elevated cytosolic Ca2+ concentration are unclear. OBJECTIVE To illuminate how bloody cerebrospinal fluid (bCSF) from patients with intraventricular hemorrhage causes cell death of cultured human astrocytes. METHODS Cultured astrocytes were incubated with(More)
The original ICH (oICH) score was tested in different populations and showed good accuracy in the prediction of outcome and 30-day mortality after spontaneous ICH. The oICH was developed to stratify patients with all types of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (SICH). Several modifications of the oICH score exist in the literature.In the current study, we(More)
Lower mean hemoglobin (HGB) levels are associated with unfavorable outcome after spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Currently, there is no cutoff level for mean HGB levels associated with unfavorable outcome. This study was conducted to evaluate a threshold for mean HGB concentrations after SAH, and to observe the relation to outcome. The medical(More)
Hyperglycolysis is a known phenomenon after severe subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and after brain injury. It is characterized by decreased oxidative metabolism and relatively increased anaerobic glycolysis. Metabolic suppressive therapy reduces the cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen (CMRO(2)) and the cerebral metabolic rate of glucose (CMRGluc). If CMRO(2) is(More)