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OBJECT In recent years, the importance of intraoperative navigation in neurosurgery has been increasing. Multiple studies have proven the advantages and safety of computer-assisted spinal neurosurgery. The use of intraoperative 3D radiographic imaging to acquire image information for navigational purposes has several advantages and should increase the(More)
The Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS) score is widely used to assess outcome after a subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Patients who have recovered fully or with a mild disability (GOS scores 4 and 5) frequently complain about difficulties in conducting their daily activities. The Short Form-36 (SF-36) Health Survey is a questionnaire that assesses outcomes in(More)
We present a patient with a solitary brainstem abscess caused by Haemophilus influenza type b (Hib) and Peptostreptococcus species. This is the first report of a Hib brainstem abscess in the English literature. Hib has been mainly associated with respiratory or nasal infections, and a few cases of intracerebral abscesses, but no brainstem abscesses have(More)
OBJECTIVE Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is postulated to play an important role in the development of cerebral vasospasm (CVS) following SAH. This study was conducted to investigate the time course of ET-release in three different sources: CSF, plasma and microdialysate. METHODS In a prospective study ET-1-concentrations were measured in plasma, cisternal CSF and(More)
The inward rectifier K+ current (K(ir)) determines the resting membrane potential of endothelial cells. Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) has been shown to activate K(ir) and acts as angiogenic factor and vasodilator. In contrast, nicotine has been demonstrated to reduce endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation by increasing radical formation. Aim of the(More)
The iatrogenic malnutrition of neurosurgical patients in intensive care units (ICU) is an underestimated problem. It may cause a decrease in plasma albumin and oncotic pressure, leading to an increase in the amount of water entering the brain and increased intracranial pressure (ICP). This study was conducted to test the hypothesis that combined(More)
After subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) cerebral metabolism is significantly impaired. Hyperglycolysis describes the reduction of oxidative metabolism followed by a relative increase of anaerobic glycolysis to maintain energy supply. This phenomenon is known in head injury but has not as yet been shown after SAH. This study was conducted to test the hypothesis(More)
Molecular mechanisms of cerebral vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) include specific modes of cell signaling like activation of nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB and vascular cell adhesion molecules (VCAM)-1 expression. The study's hypothesis is that cisternal cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) from patients after SAH may cause Ca(2+) oscillations which induce(More)
After subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) the detection of hemodynamically significant vasospasm is frequently difficult, especially in comatose patients. Most clinicians use transcranial Doppler sonography (TCD) to detect increasing mean blood flow velocities in the basal arteries as markers of cerebral vasospasm, without accounting for the effects of sedation(More)
OBJECTIVE Inward rectifier K+ currents (K(ir)) determine the resting membrane potential and thereby modulate essential Ca2+-dependent pathways, like cell growth and synthesis of vasoactive agents in endothelial cells. Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) acts as a vasodilatator and angiogenic factor. Therefore, we investigated the effect of bFGF on K(ir)(More)