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Cell migration is crucial for wound healing, immune defense, or formation of tumor metastases. In addition to the cytoskeleton, Ca2+ sensitive K+ channels (IK1) are also part of the cellular "migration machinery." We showed that Ca2+ sensitive K+ channels support the retraction of the rear part of migrating MDCK-F cells by inducing a localized shrinkage at(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility, morbidity, and cost-effectiveness of the closure of the appendicular stump with a single non-absorbable polymeric clip compared with the closure of the appendicular stump with a stapler. METHODS From January 2009 to December 2009, 82 patients, 31 males and 51 females (mean age of 35.4(More)
BACKGROUND The role of the vagal nerve in the autonomic nervous system is widely well known. Recently, an additional function was revealed serving as a connector between the nervous and immune system. This connection is called the "cholinergic inflammatory pathway." Through stimulation of the acetylcholine receptors located upon the macrophages, the(More)
BACKGROUND Resident tissue macrophages exert important functions during severe systemic infection and contribute to changes in local as well as systemic immune responses. Alveolar macrophages (AM) play a crucial role in airway diseases and in the defense against microorganisms invading the body via the bronchopulmonary tract. It has been postulated that AM(More)
A clinically important adverse drug reaction, heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT), is induced by antibodies specific for complexes of the chemokine platelet factor 4 (PF4) and the polyanion heparin. Even heparin-naive patients can generate anti-PF4/heparin IgG as early as day 4 of heparin treatment, suggesting preimmunization by antigens mimicking(More)
Abdominal surgery is regularly followed by immune dysfunction that can last for several days. In case of septic complications during this period, there is imminent danger of mortality due to reduced immune function. This fact leads to classification of sepsis in regard to its genesis: spontaneously acquired sepsis type A is distinguishable from sepsis type(More)
OBJECTIVE In this study, we analyzed seasonal variations of immunoreactivity using a model of septic shock and a model of immunosuppression induced by chronic stress in mice. DESIGN Retrospective comparative study using animals of experiments performed between 2001 and 2006 to identify seasonal variations in inflammatory responsiveness of mice. SETTING(More)
One of the clinical characteristics associated with septic shock is heart failure. Several lines of evidence indicate that functional consequences of heart failure in septic shock are linked to the activated NO-cyclic guanosine monophosphate (NO-cGMP) pathway. We have previously shown that the high-affinity cGMP export transporter, multidrug resistance(More)
Calcium-sensitive potassium channels (K(Ca)3.1) are expressed in virtually all migrating cells. Their activity is required for optimal cell migration so that their blockade leads to slowing down. K(Ca)3.1 channels must be inserted into the plasma membrane in order to elicit their physiological function. However, the plasma membrane of migrating cells is(More)
Tumor cell migration is crucial for the formation of tumor metastases and the progression of tumor disease. Fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) is one of the cytokines involved in the autocrine stimulation of tumor development. FGF-2 also stimulates transcription of Ca(2+)-sensitive K(+) channels (IK1 or K(Ca)3.1), which are part of the migration machinery(More)