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In a controlled cross-over design study performed with 14 female subjects, serum hormone levels, the EEG and a number of performance tests were recorded during spontaneous and oral contraceptive-controlled menstrual cycles. The mean alpha-frequency showed cyclic changes, i.e. slower alpha-waves during the follicular phase and faster alpha-waves during the(More)
OBJECTIVES In the present study, therapeutic effects of the Cimicifuga racemosa preparation CR BNO 1055 (Klimadynon/Menofem) on climacteric complaints, bone metabolism and endometrium will be compared with those of conjugated estrogens (CE) and placebo. The question whether CR BNO 1055 contains substances with selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM)(More)
Epidemiological studies demonstrate that affective disorders are at least twice as common in women as in men, but surprisingly, very few preclinical studies have been conducted on female experimental animals. Therefore, the necessity of developing valid animal models for studying the pathophysiology of stress-related disorders in women is obvious. Chronic(More)
The push-pull cannula technique was used to evaluate the role of the medial preoptic/anterior hypothalamic area (MPO) in regulating pituitary luteinizing hormone (LH) and prolactin release. The concentrations of the three catecholamines--dopamine, norepinephrine (NE), epinephrine (E)--and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and glutamate could be measured in(More)
Cholecystokinin (CCK) and substance P (SP) were measured in discrete areas of the rat brain at different stages of the estrous cycle. Significantly higher levels of CCK were found in the lateral septum during diestrus as compared to proestrus. In the parietal cortex, CCK concentrations were significantly higher in diestrus than in proestrus. In the(More)
A competitive polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for quantitating gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) mRNA level in a single micropunch of the rat preoptic area (POA) is described. The POA (600 microns in depth) was micropunched from frozen rat brain slices and used for mRNA isolation using Dynabeads-oligo(dT) magnetic separation technique. The target RNA(More)
Inhibitory and excitatory amino acid neurotransmitters have been suggested to participate in the feedback actions of estradiol (E2) on LH secretion. In the rat estrogen-receptive neurons have been demonstrated in the preoptic/anterior hypothalamic area (POA) and mediobasal hypothalamus/median eminence (MBH) and many of these neurons utilize(More)
In rats, beta-endorphin (beta-END) and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) suppress LH secretion by hypothalamic mechanisms involving the preoptic area (POA). Systemic injection of naloxone (NAL) increases LH secretion in male rats, an effect which can be prevented by coadministration of GABA agonists. Application of NAL into the POA of ovariectomized (ovx),(More)
Cholecystokinin (CCK) and substance P (SP) concentrations were measured in discrete brain areas of adult male and diestrous female rats. Significant sex differences in CCK concentration were found in the ventromedial hypothalamic area, medial and lateral preoptic area, nucleus of the diagonal band of Broca, ventral tegmental area, entorhinal and in several(More)
We investigated the effect of ovariectomy (OVX) and subsequent estradiol benzoate (EB) treatment upon the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-induced LH secretion in adult female rats. Furthermore, the release of LHRH, norepinephrine (NE), dopamine (DA), 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) from superfused hypothalamic fragments(More)