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BABAR, the detector for the SLAC PEP-II asymmetric e þ e À B Factory operating at the Uð4SÞ resonance, was designed to allow comprehensive studies of CP-violation in B-meson decays. Charged particle tracks are measured in a multi-layer silicon vertex tracker surrounded by a cylindrical wire drift chamber. Electromagnetic showers from electrons and photons(More)
We report the predictive all-atom folding of the 60 amino acid four-helix bacterial ribosomal protein (BRP) L20 with a stochastic evolutionary optimization method in a free-energy force field. The energetically best, as well as six of the 10 lowest conformations, converge to a near-native structure. All of the 10 best energy conformations share the(More)
Evolution has selected a protein's sequence to be consistent with the native state geometry, as this configuration must be both thermodynamically stable and kinetically accessible to prevent misfolding and loss of function. In simple protein geometries, such as coiled-coil helical bundles, symmetry produces a competing, globally different, near mirror image(More)
We present measurements of the branching fractions of the decays B+-->eta'K+ and B0-->eta'K0. For B0-->eta(')K(0)(S) we also measure the time-dependent CP-violation parameters S eta'(K(0)(S)) and C eta'(K(0)(S)), and for B+-->eta'K+ the time-integrated charge asymmetry A(ch). The data sample corresponds to 88.9 x 10(6) BB pairs produced by e(+)e(-)(More)
– We present a simple model of electrical transport through a metal–molecule– metal nanojunction that includes charging effects as well as aspects of the electronic structure of the molecule. The interplay of a large charging energy and an asymmetry of the metal– molecule coupling can lead to various effects in non–linear electrical transport. In(More)
Small beta hairpins have many distinct biological functions, including their involvement in chemokine and viral receptor recognition. The relevance of structural similarities between different hairpin loops with near homologous sequences is not yet understood, calling for the development of methods for de novo hairpin structure prediction and simulation. De(More)
We present a measurement of the time-dependent CP-violating (CPV) asymmetries in B0-->K(0)(S)pi(0) decays based on 124x10(6) Upsilon(4S)-->BB decays collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy B factory at SLAC. In a sample containing 122+/-16 signal decays, we obtain the magnitudes of the direct CPV asymmetry(More)