Wolfgang Voelter

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Histone deacetylases (HDACs) play a key role in regulating eukaryotic gene expression. The HDAC domain, homologous to the yeast repressors RPD3 and HDA1, is considered necessary and sufficient for enzymatic activity. Here, we show that the catalytic domain of HDAC4 interacts with HDAC3 via the transcriptional corepressor N-CoR/SMRT. All experimental(More)
Cytokines are critical in the often fatal cascade of events that cause septic shock. One regulatory system that is likely to be important in controlling inflammatory responses is the neuroendocrine axis. The pituitary, for example, is ideally situated to integrate central and peripheral stimuli, and initiates the increase in systemic glucocorticoids that(More)
Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are part of transcriptional corepressor complexes and play key roles in regulating chromatin structure. Three different classes of human HDACs have been defined based on their homology to HDACs found in Saccharomyces cerevisiae: RPD3 (class I), HDA1 (class II), and SIR2 (class III). Here we describe the identification and(More)
The current study focuses on the molecular mechanisms responsible for actin assembly on a defined membrane surface: the phagosome. Mature phagosomes were surrounded by filamentous actin in vivo in two different cell types. Fluorescence microscopy was used to study in vitro actin nucleation/polymerization (assembly) on the surface of phagosomes isolated from(More)
Oxygenic photosynthesis takes place in the thylakoid membrane of cyanobacteria, algae, and higher plants. Initially light is absorbed by an oligomeric pigment-protein complex designated as photosystem II (PSII), which catalyzes light-induced water cleavage under release of molecular oxygen for the biosphere on our planet. The membrane-extrinsic manganese(More)
The cytokine macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) has been identified to be secreted by the pituitary gland and the monocyte/macrophage and to play an important role in endotoxic shock. Despite the recent molecular cloning of a human T-cell MIF, characterization of the biochemical and biological properties of this protein has remained incomplete(More)
Pancreatic amyloid is found in more than 95 % of type II diabetes patients. Pancreatic amyloid is formed by the aggregation of islet amyloid polypeptide (hIAPP or amylin), which is a 37-residue peptide. Because pancreatic amyloid is cytotoxic, it is believed that its formation is directly associated with the development of the disease. We recently showed(More)
Angiogenesis is an ordered process requiring the inter-play of numerous cellular and humoral factors. Studies over the past 20 years have identified several growth factors, cytokines, and enzymes that promote blood vessel formation. Most have revealed how individual factors promote an angiogenic phenotype in endothelial cells in vitro or contribute to blood(More)
Mistletoe lectin I (ML-I) is a major active component in plant extracts of Viscum album that is increasingly used in adjuvant cancer therapy. ML-I exerts potent immunomodulating and cytotoxic effects, although its mechanism of action is largely unknown. We show that treatment of leukemic T- and B-cell lines with ML-I induced apoptosis, which required the(More)
Cross-inhibition by quorum-sensing pheromones between Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis was investigated using all known S. aureus agr pheromone subgroups. All S. aureus subgroups were sensitive towards the S. epidermidis pheromone, with the exception of the recently identified subgroup 4. The subgroup 4 pheromone was also the only S.(More)