Wolfgang Völker

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OBJECTIVE To make an ultrastructural comparison of superficial temporal artery (STA) biopsy specimens from patients with spontaneous cervical artery dissection (sCAD) and controls. METHODS The authors used light microscopic examination of semithin sections and electron microscopic examination of ultrathin sections of STA biopsy specimens from patients(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the macroscopic and microscopic phenotype of the distal superficial temporal artery (STA) in patients with spontaneous cervical artery dissection (sCAD, n = 14). Arteries of accident victims, free of clinically apparent vascular disease, served as reference samples (n = 9). METHODS Specimens of distal STA branches were obtained by(More)
Staphylococcus aureus is a frequent cause for serious, chronic and therapy-refractive infections in spite of susceptibility to antibiotics in vitro. In chronic infections, altered bacterial phenotypes, such as small colony variants (SCVs), have been found. Yet, it is largely unclear whether the ability to interconvert from the wild-type to the SCV phenotype(More)
Pathologic aggregation of α-synuclein is a central process in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease. The α-synuclein gene (SNCA) encodes at least 4 different α-synuclein isoforms through alternative splicing (SNCA140, SNCA126, SNCA112, SNCA98). Differential expression of α-synuclein isoforms has been shown in Lewy body diseases. In contrast to the(More)
BACKGROUND We studied whether lipid-lowering therapy with atorvastatin (target LDL cholesterol [LDL-C] <100 mg/dL) compared with a moderate treatment regimen that used other lipid-lowering drugs led to a lesser progression of atherosclerosis and to different changes in plaque echogenicity in patients with coronary artery disease. METHODS AND RESULTS This(More)
BACKGROUND Only limited information is available regarding the influence of decellularization on the extracellular matrix in heart valves. Within the extracellular matrix proteoglycans (PG) play a central role in the structural organization and physical functioning of valves and in their capability of settling with endothelial and interstitial cells(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM The aetiopathogenesis of spontaneous cervical artery dissection (sCAD) is largely unknown. Electron microscopic (EM) examination of skin biopsies of patients with sCAD revealed very subtle pathological changes of dermal connective tissue in about half of these patients leading to the hypothesis of an underlying connective tissue disorder.(More)
Lipoproteins play a major role in cardiovascular disease and atherosclerosis. In the vascular wall, they strongly influence the organization of extracellular matrix. The present study set out to investigate the changes in the extracellular matrix of the vessel wall induced by atherogenic diet, focusing on type VIII collagen, a vascular collagen that has not(More)