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In many species, large numbers of macromolecules are accumulated during oocyte growth. The messenger and ribosomal RNAs produced in these cells are far in excess of those necessary to support protein synthesis. Thus, the aim of this study was to elucidate the processes of translational regulation during meiotic maturation. The relationship between(More)
Mycotoxins as contaminants of animal food can impair fertility in farm animals. In the regulation of female fertility the ovarian steroid hormone progesterone (P(4)) plays an important role. In the present study we have investigated the influence of the mycotoxins alternariol (AOH), alternariol mono-methyl ether (AME), and tenuazonic acid (TeA) on cell(More)
Prolactin stimulates the expression of milk genes during lactation through the activation of STAT5 transcription factors, which subsequently bind to their cognate target sequence on the promoters. Demethylation of 5methylCpG dinucleotides permits the tissue-specific accessibility of transcription factor-binding sites during development, but remethylation(More)
Oocyte developmental competence depends on the size of the original follicle and is affected by compounds like prolactin. We wished to investigate nuclear and cytoplasmic maturation of bovine oocytes correlated to their origin and response to prolactin treatment, by monitoring at frequent intervals meiotic configuration of chromosomes and activity of(More)
The close contact and interaction between the oocyte and the follicular environment influence the establishment of oocyte developmental competence. Moreover, it is assumed that apoptosis in the follicular cells has a beneficial influence on the developmental competence of oocytes. The aim of this study was to investigate whether bovine oocytes with varied(More)
In somatic cells, the serine/threonine kinase Akt (or protein kinase B) was shown to contribute to processes linked to cellular growth, cell survival and cell cycle regulation. In contrast to these findings, the function of Akt during the meiosis of mammalian oocytes remains to be investigated. We analysed the phosphorylation pattern and the activity of Akt(More)
Meiotic maturation of mammalian oocytes (transition from prophase I to metaphase II) is accompanied by complex changes in the protein phosphorylation pattern. At least two major protein kinases are involved in these events; namely, cdc2 kinase and mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase, because the inhibition of these kinases arrest mammalian oocytes in the(More)
PAF-like activity in the endometrium increased from days 2-4 to day 12 and day 20 in both cyclic and pregnant cows. There was an increase in platelet aggregation induced by PAF-like activity in the endometrium of pregnant animals on day 20 as compared to cyclic animals at the same point in time. Two major bands of PAF-R protein at 67 kDa and 97 kDa were(More)
Cellular maturation and differentiation processes are accompanied by the expression of specific proteins. Especially in oocytes, there is no reliable strict linear correlation between mRNA levels and the abundance of proteins. Furthermore, the activity of proteins is modulated by specific kinases and phosphatases which control cellular processes like(More)
In this study, we document that the overall rate of protein synthesis decreases during in vitro maturation (IVM) of pig oocytes despite enhanced formation of the 5' cap structure eIF4F. Within somatic/interphase cells, formation of the eIF4F protein complex correlates very well with overall rates of protein translation, and the formation of this complex is(More)