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Chemotherapeutic drugs cause DNA damage and kill cancer cells mainly by apoptosis. p53 mediates apoptosis after DNA damage. To explore the pathway of p53-dependent cell death, we investigated if p53-dependent apoptosis after DNA damage is mediated by the CD95 (APO-1/Fas) receptor/ligand system. We investigated hepatoma, gastric cancer, colon cancer, and(More)
BACKGROUND ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters are involved in many physiologic processes, such as lipid transport, sterol homeostasis, immune mechanisms, and drug transport, and cause various human inherited diseases. Thus, the analysis of ABC transporter mRNA expression profiles for basic research, especially in the field of lipid metabolism, for(More)
Leptin is a pleiotropic hormone believed to regulate body weight. Its function in wasting during inflammatory disease in humans is unknown. We studied the effect of repeated tumor necrosis factor (TNF) infusion on serum leptin levels in six patients with solid tumors. TNF infusion on day 1 resulted in an increase in serum leptin levels from 3.1 (SEM +/-(More)
Apoptosis occurs in the normal liver and in various forms of liver disease. The CD95 (APO-1/Fas) (CD95) receptor mediates apoptosis, and liver cells in animal models are acutely sensitive to apoptosis initiated by this receptor. We have used primary human hepatocytes as a model system to investigate CD95-mediated apoptotic liver damage. Treatment of fresh(More)
Copper is an essential element for the activity of a number of physiologically important enzymes. Enzyme-related malfunctions may contribute to severe neurological symptoms and neurological diseases: copper is a component of cytochrome c oxidase, which catalyzes the reduction of oxygen to water, the essential step in cellular respiration. Copper is a(More)
The fatty acid transport protein family is a group of evolutionarily conserved proteins that are involved in the cellular uptake and metabolism of long and very long chain fatty acids. However, little is known about their respective physiological roles. To analyze the functional significance of fatty acid transport protein 4 (Fatp4, Slc27a4), we generated(More)
We recently showed that mucus from patients with ulcerative colitis, a chronic inflammatory disorder of the colon, is characterized by a low level of phosphatidylcholine (PC) while clinical studies reveal that therapeutic addition of PC using slow release preparations is beneficial. The positive role of PC in this disease is still elusive. Here we tested(More)
The vacuolating cytotoxin and the cytotoxin-associated protein, encoded by vacA and cagA, respectively, are important virulence determinants of Helicobacter pylori. Sixty-five H. pylori strains were isolated from dyspeptic patients (19 with peptic ulcer disease, 43 with chronic gastritis, and 3 with gastric cancer) and studied for differences in the vacA(More)
It is generally accepted that iron homeostasis is mainly controlled in the gastrointestinal tract by absorption of dietary iron. However, recent studies have shown that the kidneys are also involved in iron metabolism. Since the iron-regulatory and antimicrobial peptide hormone hepcidin was originally isolated from human urine we have investigated the(More)
BACKGROUND Understanding the mechanisms of long chain fatty acid (LCFA) uptake in hepatic cells is of high medical importance to treat and to prevent fatty liver disease (FLD). ACSs (Acyl-CoA synthetases) are a family of enzymes that catalyze the esterification of fatty acids (FA) with CoA. Recent studies suggest that ACS enzymes drive the uptake of LCFA(More)