Wolfgang Steffen

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Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition has proven to be a successful approach for the long-term treatment of patients with congestive heart failure. This investigation compared the acute hemodynamic changes after sublingual administration of the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor captopril with those after nitroglycerin. A total of 24 patients with(More)
Catheter-delivered, therapeutic ultrasound was shown to effectively dissolve thrombus in vitro and in vivo. This first study in 14 patients with acute myocardial infarctions demonstrates that it is a safe and effective treatment alternative that deserves further clinical evaluation.
The purpose of our study was to assess the efficacy of external ultrasound to enhance in vitro thrombolysis with urokinase or streptokinase. One-hour-, 1-day-, 4-day-, and 6-day-old human blood thrombi (n = 366) were incubated in normal saline solution with three different concentrations of streptokinase (50, 250, and 2000 mu/ml) or urokinase (200, 2000,(More)
OBJECTIVES This study assessed the efficacy of a new high intensity, low frequency therapeutic coronary ultrasound catheter for thrombus dissolution in vitro and in vivo in canine coronary arteries. BACKGROUND Therapeutic ultrasound has been shown to dissolve thrombi in vitro and in peripheral arteries in vivo. There have been no previous studies on in(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have shown the feasibility of peripheral arterial ultrasound angioplasty. METHODS AND RESULTS In this report, we describe the use of percutaneous therapeutic ultrasound for coronary angioplasty. In vitro, 11 postmortem, atherosclerotically occluded coronary arteries were obtained to assess catheter-delivered ultrasound for(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the guideline-adherent feasibility of area-wide primary angioplasty in rural German surroundings and its impact on reperfusion and outcome in patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). All consecutive patients with acute STEMI (n = 347) admitted to any of the hospitals (5 non invasive and 1 invasive(More)
BACKGROUND Endovascular stent-graft placement is a new concept for the treatment of aortic dissection and aneurysm. Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) with established diagnostic features may be instrumental in guiding endovascular procedures. METHODS We performed IVUS and digital angiography before, during, and after implantation of 47 stent grafts in 40(More)
To investigate the anti-ischemic capability of the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor captopril, 10 patients with acute myocardial ischemia (angina pectoris less than 1 h, ST-segment depression greater than or equal to 0.1 mV, no rise in creatine phosphokinase) received 25 mg captopril sublingually after being treated with an intravenous infusion of(More)
This study investigated the effect of intravascular high intensity, low frequency catheter-delivered ultrasound on vasomotor behaviour in vivo. Catheter-delivered therapeutic ultrasound induces endothelium-independent vasodilation in vitro. To study this effect in vivo we analysed the angiograms of canine coronaries and human femoropopliteal arteries before(More)