Wolfgang Seidl

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Developmental disorders in the period of the differentiation of the primitive foregut leads to atresia of the esophagus with tracheoesophageal fistula. Most authors think that this differentiation is caused by lateral foregut folds, which fuse in midline, thus forming the tracheoesophageal septum. In order to gain information about this period of(More)
It has been proposed that the cervical flexure of vertebrate embryos arises from the normal morphogenesis of the heart. This hypothesis is based on experiments in which the heart tube is removed or disrupted in early chick embryos. It has been reported that, in normal atmosphere, these embryos continued normal morphogenesis except for cervical flexure(More)
In 32 human embryos from 5 to 27 mm of length, stages 13 to 23 (according to the Carnegie system of stages), the contributions of the sinus venosus septum and the right sinus valve of the right atrium to the formation of the Eustachian and Thebesian valve were examined by scanning electron microscopy. The sinus septum takes part in the subdivision of the(More)
The formation of the relief of cardiac septa occurs in connexion with the development of shape of the external cardiac wall. Changes in the form of the external cardiac wall precede changes in the internal cardiac wall. The originally straight tubular heart is angulated at typical sites during cardiac looping. At the site of angulations the primary circular(More)
Deficient connections (= isolation) of the innominate artery or the common carotid artery to the aorta are rare congenital anomalies of the human aortic arch complex that are usually associated with a patent vascular connection between the isolated artery and a pulmonary artery. In the present study we demonstrate chick fetuses with a corresponding anomaly,(More)
The aim of the present study is to examine whether the formation of the cranial and cervical flexures is involved in the process of cardiac looping, and whether looping anomalies are causally involved in the development of cardiac malformations. For this purpose, the formation of the cranial and cervical flexures was experimentally suppressed in chick(More)
The present study was designed to investigate whether the formation of the cranial flexure is involved in the normal positional changes of the embryonic heart tube that occur during its transformation from the c- to s-shaped loop. For this purpose, the formation of the cranial flexure was locally suppressed in chick embryos by introducing a straight hair(More)
BACKGROUND The Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) is used to quantify the extent of the disease, and to evaluate its improvement with treatment. It is considered to be a slow, rough, nonsensitive, and complex tool, with high interobserver variability and low reproducibility. OBJECTIVES AND METHODS To develop a simpler, more sensitive, and more rapid(More)
During normal development, ectomesenchyme from the cardiac neural crest migrates to pharyngeal arches 3, 4, 6 and the developing heart. It participates in the formation of the aorticopulmonary septum and the wall of the great arteries. Removal of the cardiac neural crest resulted in anomalies of the great arteries and in two categories of severe heart(More)