Wolfgang Rudy

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Using a monoclonal antibody (MAb1.1ASML) raised against a surface glycoprotein of the metastasizing rat pancreatic carcinoma cell line BSp73ASML, cDNA clones have been isolated that encode glycoproteins with partial homology to CD44, a presumed adhesion molecule. In one of the clones, pMeta-1, the epitope marks an additional extracellular domain of 162(More)
One of several splice variants of CD44 expressed in metastasizing cell lines of rat tumors has been shown to confer metastatic potential to the non-metastatic variant of a rat pancreatic carcinoma line (U. Günthert et al., Cell, 65: 13-24, 1991). The variant-specific rat CD44 sequences were used to detect RNA expression in human cell lines: in carcinoma(More)
The metastatic pancreas carcinoma cell line BSp73ASML produces a variety of different splice variants of the transmembrane glycoprotein CD44. The NH2-terminal portions are identical and heavily glycosylated. The variant sequences are inserted just outside the transmembrane region of the molecules. The two most abundant variants have 162 and 85 extra amino(More)
Cell contact with the extracellular matrix component hyaluronic acid (HA) plays an important role in many developmental, physiological, and pathological processes, although the regulation of this contact is poorly understood. CD44 proteins carry an amino acid motif that mediates affinity to HA. Artificial clustering of the smallest 85-kD isoform of CD44(More)
The activated oncogene c-Ha-ras induces expression of the surface glycoprotein CD44 in cloned rat embryonic fibroblasts (CREF). Induction is transcriptional as shown by transient cotransfections of c-Ha-ras expression constructs and CD44 promoter reporter gene constructs and depends on the presence of an AP-1 binding site at position -110. Increased(More)
The interaction of CD40 expressed by immunocompetent cells with its ligand CD154 on the surface of T-helper cells plays a crucial role in the immune response. Recently, the presence of CD40 was also demonstrated on a variety of carcinomas. Whereas the critical relevance of CD40 in cytotoxic T-cell priming via dendritic cells is already established, the(More)
Several studies have demonstrated a correlation between the expression of CD44 variant isoforms and the ability of tumor cells to metastasize. The CD44 proteins carry amino acid sequence motifs that confer the ability to bind to the extracellular matrix component hyaluronate (HA). In this study, we investigated whether a CD44 variant previously shown to(More)
Allogeneic human histocompatibility leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched tumor cell lines that have been made immunogenic by the transfer of genes encoding for costimulatory molecules such as CD80 are considered to be potential vaccines for the induction of systemic immune reactions in cancer patients. We used a human HLA-A2.1+ CD80-transfected breast carcinoma(More)
One possible reason for the poor immunogenicity of tumors is the induction of peripheral tolerance by tumor cells that fail to deliver costimulatory signals. Furthermore, T cells stimulated with wild-type tumor cells often fail to secrete cytokines. The present study has been undertaken to identify cytokines that cooperate with CD80 in T-cell activation in(More)
One of several splice variants of CD44 expressed in metastasizing cell lines of rat tumors has been shown to confer metastatic potential to the non-metastatic variant of a rat pancreatic carcinoma line (U. Giinthert et al.. Cell, 65:13-24, 1991). The variant-specific rat CD44 sequences were used to detect RNA expression in human cell lines: in carcinoma(More)