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In neuronal cells, opioid peptides and opiates inhibit neurotransmitter release, which is a calcium-dependent process. They also inhibit adenylyl cyclase, presumably via the membrane signal-transducing component, Gi, a guanine nucleotide-binding protein (G-protein). No causal relationship between these two events has yet been demonstrated. Besides Gi,(More)
The inhibition of voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels in secretory cells by plasma membrane receptors is mediated by pertussis toxin-sensitive G proteins. Multiple forms of G proteins have been described, differing principally in their alpha subunits, but it has not been possible to establish which G-protein subtype mediates inhibition by a specific receptor.(More)
The Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology is one of the most authoritative and influential book series in pharmacology. It provides critical and comprehensive discussions of the most significant areas of pharmacological research, written by leading international authorities. Each volume in the series represents the most informative and contemporary account(More)
Both cis- and trans-unsaturated but not saturated fatty acids activated protein kinase C purified to apparent homogeneity from rat brain. Fatty-acid-induced enzyme activation was not more than additive with that by phospholipids and was potentiated by diacylglycerol. Recently, we demonstrated that cis- and trans-unsaturated fatty acids induced platelet(More)
Voltage-dependent Ca2+ currents appear to be involved in the actions of hormones that regulate pituitary secretion. In order to investigate modulation of Ca2+ currents by release-inducing and release-inhibiting hormones, we performed whole-cell clamp experiments in the pituitary cell line GH3. The resting potential was approximately -40 mV; spontaneous(More)
Vasopressin and its analogue 1-deamino-8-D-arginine vasopressin (DDAVP) are known to raise plasma von Willebrand factor (vWF) levels. DDAVP is used as a hemostatic agent for the treatment of von Willebrand's disease. However, its cellular mechanisms of action have not been elucidated. DDAVP, a specific agonist for the vasopressin V2 receptor (V2R), exerts(More)
shadow zone in the lee side of Terceira island is identified. It is influenced jointly by wave refraction and diffraction. Furthermore, a cross-sea pattern revealed in the image spectra is investigated. The cross sea is generated by the diffracted wave rays from the northern and southern coasts of the island. Less wave directional spreading for the(More)
G proteins act as transducers between membrane receptors activated by extracellular signals and enzymatic effectors controlling the concentration of cytosolic signal molecules such as cAMP, cGMP, inositol phosphates and Ca2+. In some instances, the receptor/G protein-induced changes in the concentration of cytosolic signal molecules correlate with activity(More)