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We used a before-after-control-impact study across three years to assess the effects of active riparian restoration on bird densities and community composition. Birds density post-restoration on actively-restored plots averaged 25 birds ha-1 versus 15 birds ha-1 on controls. We conclude that active restoration should be pursued to benefit bird populations .
The retention behavior of a range of statistical poly(styrene/ethylacrylate) copolymers is investigated, in order to determine the possibility to predict retention volumes of these copolymers based on a suitable chromatographic retention model. It was found that the composition of elution in gradient chromatography of the copolymers is closely related to(More)
The suitability of a retention model especially designed for polymers is investigated to describe and predict the chromatographic retention behavior of poly(methyl methacrylate)s as a function of mobile phase composition and gradient steepness. It is found that three simple yet rationally chosen chromatographic experiments suffice to extract the analyte(More)
Two series of sodium carboxymethyl celluloses (NaCMC) with average degrees of substitution (DS) ranging from 0.45 to 1.55 were synthesized from low molecular mass Avicel cellulose (Avicel samples) and from high molecular mass cotton linters (BWL samples). The samples were characterized by online two-dimensional liquid chromatography using gradient liquid(More)
Modern polymeric materials are heterogeneous with respect to different structural features, for instance molar mass, composition, and architecture. One-dimensional separation methods such as size-exclusion chromatography (SEC) are insufficient to fully resolve the multidimensional distributions of such complex materials. Therefore, two-dimensional(More)
The suitability of three different retention models to predict the retention times of poly(ethylene glycol)s (PEGs) in gradient and isocratic chromatography was investigated. The models investigated were the linear (LSSM) and the quadratic solvent strength model (QSSM). In addition, a model describing the retention behaviour of polymers was extended to(More)
Thermoplastic, phase-segregated multiblock copolymers (MBC) with shape-memory capability consisting of poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) switching segments and poly(p-dioxanone) (PDO) or poly(ω-pentadecalactone) (PPD) hard segments were prepared on a scale of several kilograms following a newly developed upscaling procedure. Dihydroxytelechelic poly(ether)esters(More)
Most heterogeneities of polymers with respect to different structural features cannot be resolved by only size exclusion chromatography (SEC), the most frequently applied mode of polymer chromatography. Instead, methods of interaction chromatography became increasingly important. However, despite the increasing applications the principles and potential of(More)